Skip to main content

Table 1 Basic characteristics of 2837 Finnish physicians, by gender and specialty

From: Personality traits and career choices among physicians in Finland: employment sector, clinical patient contact, specialty and change of specialty

  Women (N = 1838) Men (N = 999)   Total (N = 2837)
Characteristics Number Percent Number Percent p-value a Number Percent
Gender
 Women 1.838 65     1.838 65
 Men    999 35   999 35
Age (M ± SD) 47.94 ± 10.63   52.02 ± 11.72   < 0.001 49.4 ± 11.19  
Employment sector      < 0.001   
 Public 1393 67.59 668 32.41   2.061 73
 Private 445 57.35 331 42.65   776 27
Medical specialty      < 0.001   
 Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine 120 64.17 67 35.83   187 6.6
 Surgery 80 34.93 149 65.07   229 8.1
 Pediatrics 124 75.61 40 24.39   164 5.8
 Obstetrics and Gynecology 155 83.33 31 16.67   186 6.6
 Psychiatry 231 75.49 75 24.51   306 10.8
 Radiology 55 52.88 49 47.12   104 3.6
 Internal Medicine and Oncology 91 63.64 52 36.36   143 5.0
 Ophthalmology and Otorhinolaryngology 68 51.91 63 48.09   131 4.6
 Other specialties of Internal Medicine 270 62.21 164 37.79   434 15.3
 Occupational Health 178 65.68 93 34.32   271 9.5
 General Practice 403 71.84 158 28.16   561 19.8
 Hospital Service Specialties 63 52.07 58 47.93   121 4.3
Clinical Patient Contact (hours per week; M ± SD) 18.74 ± 9.70   18.36 ± 11.14   0.36 18.61 ± 10.23  
 No clinical patient contact 111 54.15 94 45.85   205 7.2
 1–12 h per week 359 61.16 228 38.84   587 20.7
 13–26 h per week 957 69.50 420 30.50   1.377 48.5
 27 h per week or more 411 61.53 257 38.47   668 23.6
Personality trait (M ± SD; range 1–5)
 Extraversion 3.37 ± 0.90   3.16 ± 0.87   < 0.001 3.30 ± .89  
 Conscientiousness 3.83 ± 0.75   3.62 ± 0.72   < 0.001 3.76 ± .75  
 Openness to Experience 3.18 ± 0.74   3.30 ± 0.74   < 0.001 3.22 ± .75  
 Agreeableness 3.40 ± 0.68   3.39 ± 0.67   0.83 3.39 ± .68  
 Neuroticism 2.94 ± 0.84   2.62 ± 0.76   < 0.001 2.83 ± .82  
  1. Categorical variables were compared by chi square tests and continuous variables were compared by two-sample t-tests