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Table 2 Factors associated with participants’ interest in specializing abroad

From: Specialty preference and intentions to study abroad of Syrian medical students during the crisis

  P-value AOR 95% C.I. for AOR
Lower Upper
Gender
 Female (ref.)
 Male 0.034* 1.893 1.049 3.419
Current university 0.955    
 Damascus University (ref.)
 Syrian Private University 0.762 0.896 0.441 1.821
 University of Kalamoon 0.905 0.952 0.425 2.132
Year of study 0.240    
 Fourth (ref.)
 Fifth 0.311 1.547 0.664 3.603
 Sixth 0.782 0.892 0.399 1.997
Ranking estimation based on medical school grades 0.417    
 In the lower third of students (ref.)
 In the middle third of students 0.187 0.562 0.239 1.322
 In the higher third of students 0.367 0.640 0.242 1.689
Nationality 0.449    
 Syrian nationality (ref.)
 Both Syrian and non-Syrian nationality 0.926 1.048 0.388 2.834
 Non-Syrian nationality 0.206 2.801 0.568 13.805
Financial status 0.421    
Bad (ref.)
 Below average 0.682 0.659 0.089 4.856
 Average 0.797 1.286 0.190 8.710
 Good 0.520 1.914 0.264 13.855
 Excellent 0.702 1.502 0.187 12.064
Residence
 Countryside (ref.)
 City 0.870 1.056 0.549 2.032
Marital status 0.106    
 Single (ref.)
 In a relationship 0.323 1.460 0.689 3.097
 Married 0.075 0.268 0.063 1.144
Had clinical training abroad > 0.001*    
 No, and not planning to do so (ref.)
 No, but planning to do so > 0.001* 9.273 4.291 20.040
 Yes 0.100 3.058 0.806 11.599
Have relatives or friends who are living abroad and would help specializing abroad
 No (ref.)
 Yes 0.002* 2.617 1.427 4.799
Encouraged by university professors to specialize abroad
 No (ref.)
 Yes 0.168 1.609 0.819 3.161
Have university professors who would help specializing abroad
 No (ref.)
 Yes 0.495 0.746 0.321 1.732
 Constant 0.767 0.726   
  1. Abbreviations:
  2. AOR Adjusted odds ratio
  3. CI Confidence interval
  4. Ref reference group
  5. *. Significant at the 0.05 level