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Table 3 Step 1 scores for students with postgraduate training in specialties less, equal or more competitive than 1st choices at end of year 2

From: Positive predictive value of medical student specialty choices

Postgraduate Training Specialty Positions per US Senior26 Specialty less competitive than year 2 choice Specialty equally competitive as year 2 choice Specialty more competitive than year 2 choice Kruskal-Wallis P
N % Step 1 Score, Median [IQR]a N % Step 1 Score, Median [IQR] N % Step 1 Score, Median [IQR]  
All Specialties 95 28.4 228 [208, 239] 150 44.9 228 [217, 243] 89 26.7 237 [218, 248] 0.02a
Anesthesiology 1.37 17 41.5 228 [215, 238] 6 14.6 244 [225, 245] 18 43.9 230 [221, 243] 0.29
Emergency Medicine 1.17 1 2.4 212 [n/a] 27 65.9 230 [217, 238] 13 31.7 241[220, 256] 0.11
Family Medicine 2.20 19 47.5 206 [199, 223] 21 52.5 225 [209, 236] 0 0 0.05b
Internal Medicine 1.88 28 43.8 233 [224, 246] 32 50.0 238 [222, 248] 4 6.3 245 [239, 252] 0.39
Obstetrics & Gynecology 1.22 3 13.0 228 [219, 229] 9 39.1 237 [231, 242] 11 47.8 217[207, 237] 0.16
Pediatrics 1.42 3 8.6 229 [186, 246] 24 68.6 223 [215, 236] 8 22.9 223[209, 238] 0.97
Psychiatry 1.81 9 40.9 210 [200, 230] 6 27.3 206 [205, 221] 7 31.8 219 [201, 244] 0.76
Surgery 1.12 2 11.1 230 [223, 236] 12 66.7 222 [212, 230] 4 22.2 243 [234, 248] 0.14
  1. IQR Interquartile Range
  2. aWilcoxon Rank Sums test for pairwise difference between more vs less competitive groups, P = 0.004; more vs equally competitive groups, P = 0.05
  3. bWilcoxon Rank Sums test for pairwise difference between less vs equally competitive groups, P = 0.05