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Table 1 Characteristics across programs

From: Explaining variance in self-directed learning readiness of first year students in health professional programs

  Health Science Sports and Exercise Science Occupational Therapy Physiotherapy Podiatry TOTAL
n (%) 94 (23.1) 148 (36.4) 69 (17.0) 61 (15.0) 35 (8.6) 407
Gender, n (%)
 Male 22 (23.4) 95 (64.2) 7 (10.1) 32 (52.5) 21 (60.0) 177 (43.5)
 Female 72 (76.6) 53(35.8) 62 (89.9) 29 (47.5) 14 (40.0) 230 (56.5)
Highest level of previous education, n (%)
 No previous qualification/other qualification 3 (3.2) 7 (4.7) 1 (1.4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 11 (2.7)
 Complete secondary education 62 (66.0) 92 (62.2) 40 (58.0) 44 (72.1) 12 (34.3) 250 (61.4)
 Incomplete vocational level program 1 (1.1) 4 (2.7) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 5 (1.2)
 Complete vocational level program 8 (8.5) 21 (14.2) 7 (10.1) 1 (1.6) 4 (11.4) 41 (10.1)
 Incomplete bachelor’s degree level program 12 (12.8) 23 (15.5) 17 (24.6) 11 (18.0) 13 (37.1) 76 (18.7)
 Complete bachelor’s degree level program 5 (5.3) 1 (0.7) 3 (4.3) 4(6.6) 5 (14.3) 18 (4.4)
 Unknown 3 (3.2) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.4) 1 (1.6) 1 (2.9) 6 (1.5)
Personality factor, mean ± SD
 Extroversion 33.76 ± 6.42 35.20 ± 6.03 33.42 ± 6.74 33.90 ± 5.54 33.26 ± 7.30 34.21 ± 6.31
 Agreeableness 41.86 ± 5.38a 39.49 ± 5.56ab 42.73 ± 5.41b 40.49 ± 4.57 40.14 ± 5.73 40.78 ± 5.49
 Conscientiousness 35.08 ± 6.15 33.54 ± 6.15c 36.28 ± 6.38c 35.84 ± 6.63 35.51 ± 5.87 34.86 ± 6.30
 Emotional stability 31.30 ± 8.79 33.66 ± 7.74 31.73 ± 7.16 33.46 ± 7.83 32.65 ± 8.44 32.69 ± 8.00
 Intellect/imagination 36.21 ± 6.52 35.84 ± 5.03 36.46 ± 5.48 36.70 ± 5.86 34.71 ± 6.09 36.06 ± 5.69
Mean age, years ± SD 19.70 ± 3.44 d 19.79 ± 4.49 e 21.43 ± 6.72 19.21 ± 4.03 f 23.17 ± 7.41def 20.25 ± 5.08
  1. aDifference between sport and exercise science and health science students was statistically significant (p = 0.01)
  2. bDifference between sport and exercise science and occupational therapy students was statistically significant (p = 0.001)
  3. cDifference between sport and exercise science and occupational therapy students was statistically significant (p = 0.03)
  4. dDifference between podiatry and health science students was statistically significant (p = 0.005)
  5. eDifference between podiatry and sport and exercise science students was statistically significant (p = 0.003)
  6. fDifference between podiatry and physiotherapy students was statistically significant (p = 0.002)