Skip to main content

Table 2 Summary of results from subgroup analyses

From: How empathic is your healthcare practitioner? A systematic review and meta-analysis of patient surveys

Analysis No. studies Average CARE score (95% confidence interval) P-value for difference (if applicable)
Overall 64 40.48 (39.24 to 41.72) n/a
Longer versus shorter consultations 22   
Longer consultations (<10 min) 13 42.60 (40.69 to 44.52) <0.001
Shorter consultations (≥10 min) 9 34.93 (32.66 to 37.21)
Proportion of female practitioners 12   
  < 50% female practitioners 6 34.85 (30.98 to 38.71) 0.004
  ≥ 50% female practitioners 6 42.77 (38.98 to 46.56)
By Country 55   
 UK 23 43.08 (42.11 to 44.04) No significant difference between UK, USA, Australia, Germany and China lower than USA and Australia, Hong Kong lower than all other countries
 USA 6 44.56 (42.71 to 46.40)
 Australia 4 44.88 (42.63 to 47.14)
 Germany 7 40.73 (39.02 to 42.44)
 China 6 40.61 (38.68 to 42.55)
 Hong Kong 9 33.46 (31.94 to 34.99)
By type of provider 53   
 Allied Health Professionals 5 45.29 (41.38 to 49.20) 0.032
 Medical Students 4 41.35 (36.91 to 45.79)
 Physicians 39 39.68 (38.29 to 41.08)
 Traditional Chinese Doctors 5 42.98 (39.15 to 46.81)