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Table 1 Cultural dimension definitions and characteristics [9]

From: Exploring the influence of cultural orientations on assessment of communication behaviours during patient-practitioner interactions

Dimension Explanation
Power-distance Extent to which less powerful members of institutions and organizations within a country expect and accept that power is distributed unequally (refers to family, school, community, workplace, etc.)
Uncertainty avoidance Extent to which the members of a culture feel threatened by uncertain or unknown situations and avoidance of such situations (expressed through nervousness and a need for predictability/rules)
Masculinity-femininity Extent to which dominant values in society are masculine (in masculine societies gender roles are distinct whereas is feminine societies gender roles overlap)
Individualism-collectivism Extent of ties between individuals (ties are loose in individualistic societies but integrated and cohesive in collectivist societies)
Long-term orientation Extent of long or short-term orientation in life (long-term oriented people value persistence, thrift, sense of shame, and order; short-term oriented people value personal steadiness and stability, protecting oneself, respect for tradition, and reciprocation of greetings, favours, and gifts)