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Table 2 Student demography and preclinical performance as predictors for problems in clinical training

From: Predicting medical students who will have difficulty during their clinical training

  n Knowledge problem Professionalism problem Clinical skills problem Fail year or EOY exam
  N Y HR 95% CI 95% CI p HR 95% CI 95% CI p HR 95% CI 95% CI p HR 95% CI 95% CI p
Age   560 1.05 0.96 1.15 0.25 1.11 1.00 1.24 0.05 0.98 0.89 1.08 0.70 1.13 1.00 1.28 0.02
Female Gender 229 332 0.69 0.48 0.99 0.04 0.29 0.17 0.51 <0.001 0.49 0.35 0.68 <0.001 0.50 0.27 0.93 0.15
European ethnicity 259 304 1.43 .99 2.07 0.06 1.13 0.67 1.90 0.65 1.18 0.84 1.67 0.33 1.03 0.56 1.90 0.93
Maori ethnicity 536 27 0.54 0.17 1.70 0.29 1.66 0.60 4.62 0.33 0.98 0.43 2.23 0.97 0.61 0.08 4.46 0.63
Asian ethnicity 359 204 0.88 0.60 1.28 0.50 1.03 0.60 1.75 0.93 0.84 0.59 1.21 0.36 0.90 0.47 1.70 0.78
Indian ethnicity 546 17 0.60 0.19 1.88 0.38 0.40 0.06 2.90 0.37 0.90 0.37 2.20 0.82 0.51 0.07 3.73 0.51
Other ethnicity 563 30 0.70 0.26 1.90 0.48 0.77 0.19 3.14 0.71 0.94 0.42 2.14 0.89 2.58 0.91 7.33 0.08
Entry pathway that did not require UMAT 396 165 2.00 1.40 2.88 <0.001 1.45 0.85 2.46 0.18 1.61 1.14 2.26 0.01 2.89 1.52 5.48 0.00
Graduate entry 461 100 0.85 0.51 1.43 0.55 0.84 0.40 1.75 0.64 0.46 0.25 0.85 0.01 0.65 0.23 1.85 0.42
Entry after first year at University 147 414 0.66 0.45 0.95 0.03 0.95 0.54 1.69 0.87 0.88 0.61 1.27 0.49 0.82 0.41 1.66 0.59
International student entering Y2 490 74 2.47 1.54 3.95 <0.001 0.98 0.50 1.92 0.95 3.19 1.97 5.18 <0.001 2.35 1.32 4.19 <0.01
International student entering Y4 539 25 4.93 2.11 11.49 <0.001 2.79 1.18 6.58 0.02 4.24 1.81 9.90 <0.01 3.11 1.26 7.70 0.01
UMAT paper 1 for each 10% change in mark   396 0.91 0.81 1.02 0.09 0.90 0.78 1.05 0.17 0.93 0.84 1.03 0.18 0.86 0.72 1.05 0.13
UMAT paper 2 for each 10% change in mark   396 0.94 0.86 1.04 0.21 0.88 0.77 0.99 0.03 0.90 0.83 0.98 0.01 0.85 0.72 1.02 0.15
UMAT paper 3 for each 10% change in mark   396 1.06 0.94 1.18 0.34 1.06 0.99 1.23 0.47 1.05 0.95 1.16 0.36 1.12 0.91 1.39 0.29
GPA   450 0.95 0.92 0.99 0.01 0.95 0.91 1.00 0.04 0.98 0.95 1.02 0.27 0.94 0.89 1.00 0.03
Fail or repeat exam in Y2 501 21 2.76 1.43 5.32 0.00 4.05 1.70 9.62 0.00 2.66 1.42 4.98 0.00 3.82 1.13 12.99 0.03
Fail or repeat exam in Y3 498 24 2.11 1.06 4.18 0.03 3.48 1.46 8.26 0.01 2.28 1.22 4.26 0.01 0.99 0.13 7.41 0.99
  1. UMAT Undergraduate Medicine and Health Sciences test, HSFY Health Sciences First Year, Int student International students, Y2 second year classes, Y4 fourth year classes, GPA Grade Point Average for HSFY marks. Pathways that do not require UMAT include international, Maori and Pacific students and allied health graduates