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Table 4 Motivational factors associated with specialty preference by gender

From: Gender difference in preference of specialty as a career choice among Japanese medical students

  Odds ratio (95 % CI) Gender interaction
Women Men p-value
Specialty preference N = 141 N = 227
General medicine/Family medicine (Yes/No)
 Job security 2.21 (1.04–4.69) ------ 0.104
 Technical & research specialty 0.29 (0.14–0.59) ------ 0.022
Special Internal medicine (Yes/No)
 Technical & research specialty 2.01 (1.10–3.68) 2.28 (1.32–3.94) 0.737
Surgery (Yes/No)
 Work-life balance 0.54 (0.28–1.06) ------ 0.373
 Technical & research specialty 3.41 (1.39–8.35) 2.94 (1.70–5.10) 0.732
 Personal reasons 0.18 (0.07–0.44) 0.49 (0.31–0.79) 0.276
Pediatrics (Yes/No)
 Educational experience ------ 1.94 (1.16–3.25) 0.060
 Job security ------ 0.52 (0.31–0.85) 0.345
 Technical & research specialty 0.44 (0.24–0.82) 0.55 (0.32–0.93) 0.616
 Personal reasons ------ 1.66 (1.01–2.73) 0.207
Obstetrics & Gynecology (Yes/No)
 Educational experience 0.56 (0.29–1.07) ------ 0.154
 Advice from others 1.69 (0.91–3.14) ------ 0.175
 Technical & research specialty 0.44 (0.22–0.89) ------ 0.512
Psychology (Yes/No)
 Job security 0.19 (0.04–0.80) ------ 0.135
 Advice from others 2.45 (1.10–5.46) ------ 0.067
 Work-life balance 3.01 (1.22–7.43) 1.88 (1.02–3.49) 0.537
 Personal reasons 2.06 (0.93–4.56) ------ 0.571
Anesthesiology (Yes/No)
 Educational experience 0.32 (0.15–0.67) ------ 0.032
 Technical & research specialty ------ 1.81 (0.91–3.62) 0.412
Emergency medicine (Yes/No)
 Job security ------ 0.55 (0.29–1.02) 0.070
 Advice from others ------ 1.83 (1.09–3.09) 0.152
 Work-life balance 0.46 (0.23–0.90) 0.53 (0.32–0.89) 0.410
 Technical & research specialty 2.19 (0.98–4.90) ------ 0.090
 Personal reasons 0.45 (0.21–0.97) 0.61 (0.38–0.98) 0.903
Orthopedics (Yes/No)
 Educational experience 0.21 (0.08–0.57) ------ 0.122
 Job security ------ 2.17 (0.96–4.88) 0.885
 Advice from others 2.30 (0.85–6.25) ------ 0.070
 Work-life balance 4.87 (1.63–14.6) ------ 0.227
  1. Yes, first and second choice. Data were adjusted for all confounding factors in Tables 1 and 3 by Binary Logistic regression analysis, and presented regarding motivational factors as the final model. Bold numbers indicate significance (p < 0.05)
  2. CI confidence interval