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Table 9 Cardiovascular nurses’ practice patterns; use of oral anticoagulants, involvement in oral anticoagulation therapy and use of patient INR self-management

From: Education and practice gaps on atrial fibrillation and anticoagulation: a survey of cardiovascular nurses

Question n (%)
Oral anticoagulants in use in daily practice
 • Warfarin (Coumadin)
 • Dabigatran (Pradaxa)
 • Rivaroxaban (Xareltro)
 • Apixaban (Eiliquis)
51 (100)
33 (65)
33 (65)
11 (22)
Will patients be offered a choice of drug?
 • No, all patients will be put on warfarin first
 • Some patients may be offered new anticoagulation
 • Most patients will be given a choice
1 (2)
41 (82)
8 (16)
Will patients on warfarin be able to change to one of the new drugs?
 • No, they will need to stay on warfarin
 • May change if difficulties keeping INR in therapeutic range
 • Any patient can change to one of the new drugs
1 (1)
29 (59)
19 (39)
Do you offer patients INR self-testing or self-management?
 • Both self-testing and self-management of INR
 • Only self-testing of INR
 • Neither self-testing nor self-management
 • Never heard about self-testing of self-management of INR
6 (12)
0 (0)
30 (60)
14 (28)
The role of nurses regarding anticoagulants in your country
 • Do not have a specific role
 • Counsel patients regarding adherence to drug regimen
 • Advice patients on dosing warfarin based on INR results
 • Teach about drugs, how to take them and side effects
11 (21)
34 (65)
8 (15)
33 (64)
  1. INR international normalized ratio