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Table 3 Self-reported change in knowledge and attitudes pre-/post-training, and usefulness of the session

From: Development and process evaluation of an educational intervention for overdose prevention and naloxone distribution by general practice trainees

Knowledge/attitudes Pre-training median/mean (SD) Post-training median/mean (SD) Mean diff (SD) Wilcoxon Z/P-value
Knowledge: 28/27.9 (4.5) 31/31.4 (1.5) 3.5 (4.5) −3.50, 0.000
 Risks 8/7.5 (1.9) 9/8.7 (0.7) 1.17 (2.1) −2.69, 0.007
 Signs 6/6.0 (1.8) 6/6.4 (0.7) 0.4 (1.9) −0.80, 0.422
 Actions 6/5.5 (1.2) 6/6.4 (1.1) 1.0 (1.3) −3.04, 0.002
 INN use 9/9.0 (1.2) 10/10.0 (0.7) 1.1 (1.3) −3.09, 0.002
Attitudes: 96/97.4 (7.2) 108/108.6 (8.1) 11.1 (6.4) −4.11, 0.000
 Competencies 33/33.7 (4.7) 41/41.0 (3.9) 7.4 (5.0) −4.11, 0.000
 Concerns 22/22.1 (2.6) 24/24.0 (2.9) 2.0 (2.2) −3.46, 0.001
 Readiness 40/41.7 (3.3) 43/43.5 (3.9) 1.7 (2.8) −2.63, 0.008
The following were useful in education Completely agree/agree N (%) Unsure Completely disagree/disagree N (%) Mean score post-training (SD)
Presentation 23 (100) 0 0 4.5 (0.5)
Video 19 (82.6) 3 (13.0) 1 (4.3) 4.2 (0.8)
Simulation 23 (100) 0 0 4.6 (0.5)
Q & A discussion 21 (91.3) 2 (8.7) 0 4.3 (0.6)
Guideline demonstration 20 (87) 3 (13.0) 0 4.4 (0.7)