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Table 2 Descriptive statistics for progress test (PT) and questionnaire scores

From: Progress testing in the medical curriculum: students’ approaches to learning and perceived stress

    Surface approach Deep approach Stress
Cohort Gender   Time 1 Time 2 Time 1 Time 2 Time 1 Time 2
PT Female Mean 9.72 9.87 19.16 19.03 16.79 18.75
  (N = 61) SD 4.59 4.46 5.06 5.85 5.72 6.96
   Range 0–21 2–21 7–29 5–35 7–32 5–36
  Male Mean 11.58 12.49 19.53 20.33 17.00 16.93
  (N = 43) SD 5.71 5.90 5.32 5.70 6.59 6.30
   Range 1–27 6–33 4–29 4–32 4–36 3–28
Traditional Female Mean 11.32 11.39 19.34 19.39 16.20 20.21
  (N = 44) SD 5.42 6.31 5.59 5.70 6.50 6.91
   Range 3–25 1–24 7–31 5–28 4–30 6–33
  Male Mean 13.14 13.55 16.95 17.59 15.73 18.67
  (N = 22) SD 5.91 6.05 4.08 4.83 6.27 6.47
   Range 3–25 3–28 10–24 8–25 7–27 4–29