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Table 2 Overview of the learning tasks and the provided (ir) relevant and (un) familiar contexta

From: Effects of learning content in context on knowledge acquisition and recall: a pretest-posttest control group design

Learning task Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5
No context Relevant-familiar context Relevant-unfamiliar context Irrelevant-familiar context Irrelevant-unfamiliar context
Shoulder Not applicable Dislocated shoulder Impingement of supraspinatus muscle Parkinson’s disease Hallevorden-Spatz disease
Wrist Not applicable Carpal tunnel syndrome Trigger finger Multiple Sclerosis Huntington’s Disease
Knee Not applicable Ruptured knee ligaments Patellofemoral pain syndrome Alzheimer’s disease Möbius syndrome
Ankle Not applicable Sprained ankle Anterior compartment syndrome Meningitis Von Recklinghausen disease (neurofibromatosis)
  1. The students completed a questionnaire assessing the participants’ familiarity with the context provided in the learning task to ascertain the chosen context were indeed (un) familiar to the students
  2. aFor clarity of reading, we have chosen to use the term ‘disease’ in this article when referring to the pathology/complaint/problem/affliction/condition/diagnosis of the musculoskeletal or neurological system on which the paper-patient was based