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Table 2 Descriptive statistics, reliability and validity results

From: Effects of coaching supervision, mentoring supervision and abusive supervision on talent development among trainee doctors in public hospitals: moderating role of clinical learning environment

Constructs Mean Std Dev 95 % CI CS MS AS CLE TDEV AVE
CS 3.91 0.723 (3.83-3.98) 1.00 0.608a     0.62
MS 3.61 0.763 (3.53-3.69) 0.782** 1.00 0.014    0.73
AS 2.25 1.146 (2.13-2.37) −0.339** −0.120* 1.00 0.077   0.76
CLE 3.85 0.731 (3.77-3.92) 0.520** 0.489** −0.277** 1.00 0.184 0.71
TDEV 3.85 0.582 (3.79-3.92) 0.425** 0.396** −0.183** 0.429** 1.00 0.63
  1. Std Dev standard deviation; 95 % CI 95 % confidence interval, CS coaching supervision, MS mentoring supervision, AS abusive supervision, CLE clinical learning environment, TDEV talent development, AVE average variance extracted
  2. *p < 0.05;**p < 0.01
  3. aValues above the diagonal are the squared correlations