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Table 1 Comparison of demographic characteristics and perceptions of health and work-related factors of female and male physicians with a PhD

From: Possible reasons why female physicians publish fewer scientific articles than male physicians – a cross-sectional study

Characteristics   Female Male p
Number of respondents   198 305  
Age group     NS
  <40 12 (6.1%) 15 (4.9%)  
  40-54 123 (62.1%) 165 (54.3%)  
  >54 63 (31.8%) 124 (40.8%)  
  Missing data 0 1  
Civil status     0.003
  In a relationship 157 (82.2%) 272 (91.6%)  
  Single 34 (17.8%) 25 (8.4%)  
  Missing data 7 8  
Number of children     0.013
  0 26 (13.9%) 29 (9.8%)  
  1 or 2 102 (54.5%) 135 (45.5%)  
  >2 59 (31.6%) 133 (44.8%)  
  Missing data 11 8  
Children before PhD     0.033
  Yes 134 (80.7%) 193 (69.7%)  
  No 27 (16.3%) 74 (26.7%)  
  Not relevant 5 (3.0%) 10 (3.6%)  
  Missing data 32 28  
Collaboration with former PhD advisor     NS
  Yes 63 (32.6%) 75 (25.6%)  
  No 119 (61.7%) 208 (71.0)  
  Not relevant 11 (5.7%) 10 (3.4%)  
  Missing data 5 12  
Number of publications     0.001
  0-15 109 (56.5%) 95 (31.6%)  
  >16 84 (43.5%) 206 (68.4%)  
  Missing 4 5  
Work-related factors     
  Control at work, mean (SD) 2.62 (0.98) 3.09 (0.99) 0.001
  Missing data 8 10  
Psychological distress     
  Exhaustion, mean (SD) 2.69 (0.53) 2.45 (0.55) 0.001
  Missing data 6 7  
  1. Values are number and (%) of respondents unless otherwise specified.
  2. p-values measured by χ2-test.