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Table 3 Comparison of the study styles

From: The relationship between learning preferences (styles and approaches) and learning outcomes among pre-clinical undergraduate medical students

  V A R K Chi square
  n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) p-value
Year 2 23 (10.6) 46 (21.2) 47 (21.7) 69 (31.8) 0.243
Year 3 24 (11.9) 31 (15.3) 46 (22.8) 57 (28.2)  
Overall (Yr2 & Yr3) 47 (11.2) 77 (18.4) 93 (22.2) 126 (30.1)  
Malaysian 42 (11) 72 (18.8) 86 (22.5) 114 (29.8) 0.911
International 5 (13.9) 5 (13.9) 7 (19.4) 12 (33.3)  
Male 23 (12.2) 36 (19.1) 43 (22.9) 60 (31.9) 0.358
Female 24 (10.4) 41 (17.7) 50 (21.6) 66 (28.6)  
U’grade 45 (11) 77 (18.8) 90 (22) 124 (30.2) 0.482
P’grade 2 (22.2) 0 (0) 3 (33.3) 2 (22.2)  
≤20 years 14 (10.9) 29 (22.5) 26 (20.2) 45 (34.9) 0.096
>20 years 33 (11.4) 48 (16.6) 67 (23.1) 81 (27.9)  
Low achievers 12 (12.2) 23 (23.5) 16 (16.3) 28 (28.6) 0.390
Mid/High achievers 35 (10.9) 54 (16.8) 77 (24) 98 (30.5)  
Deep/Strategic 42 (13.0) 55 (17.0) 71 (21.9) 99 (30.6) 0.214
Superficial 5 (5.3) 22 (23.2) 22 (23.2) 27 (28.4)  
  1. p-value < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.