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Table 4 Confidence in key academic domains before and after STARSurg engagement

From: Promoting research and audit at medical school: evaluating the educational impact of participation in a student-led national collaborative study

How confident do you feel in the following research domains? (1 = Very unconfident; 5 = Very Confident): Pre-study (mean ± SD) Post-study (mean ± SD) *p=
Distinguishing the differences between audit, service evaluation and research 3.17 ± 0.92 3.81 ± 0.82 <0.001
Knowledge of the clinical audit cycle 3.29 ± 1.00 3.97 ± 0.68 <0.001
Writing an audit or research protocol 2.64 ± 0.90 3.38 ± 0.81 <0.001
Approaching clinical staff to help you formulate an audit/research protocol 3.24 ± 1.01 4.03 ± 0.65 <0.001
Approaching clinical staff to form a team to help you complete an audit/research protocol 3.4 ± 1.0 4.24 ± 0.58 <0.001
How to fill out an audit registration form 2.88 ± 1.05 4.10 ± 0.83 <0.001
How to contact your hospital’s clinical audit department 3.17 ± 1.03 4.15 ± 0.83 <0.001
How to collect data in the clinical setting 3.50 ± 0.89 4.43 ± 0.52 <0.001
How to present your results in a scientific manner 3.23 ± 1.13 3.65 ± 0.79 0.004
  1. *Wilcoxon signed rank test for non-parametric data. p < 0.05 statistically significant; SD = standard deviation.