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Table 2 Mean mental effort invested (SD) in the learning activity and in the post-test for the three learning conditions

From: Example-based learning: comparing the effects of additionally providing three different integrative learning activities on physiotherapy intervention knowledge

   a) Self-explanation b) Concept mapping c) Concept map study Tukey post-hoc HSD
P a-b P a-c P b-c
Learning phase Mental effort (max = 9) 6.70 (0.86) 6.92 (0.79) 6.02 (1.13) .649 .015 .001
Post-test Mental effort (max = 9) 5.90 (0.92) 7.07 (0.83) 6.52 (1.03) .001 .030 .060
  1. P a -b, P a -c, P b -c : P values for comparisons between self-explanation and concept mapping, self-explanation versus concept map study and concept-mapping versus concept map study, respectively. P values < .05 are in bold.