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Table 2 Mean Pre-Post Values and Changes in Outcome Variables in Experimental Phase.

From: Evaluation of a communication skills program for first-year medical students at the University of Toronto

  Intervention Control Significance (N.S. = not significant)
  (A) (B) (B) - (A) (A) (B) (B) - (A) Repeated
  pre post change pre post change Measures
        Time × Group
Self Rating, SAICQ 3.39 3.31 -0.09 3.54 3.57 +0.02 F(1,77) = 2.82
(S.D.) (0.61) (0.56) (0.29) (0.46) (0.45) (0.28) N.S.
Actor Rating, ISRS 59.7 65.3 +5.7 58.2 61.1 +2.9 F(1,77) = 0.54
(S.D.) (13.4) (14.2) (16.8) (13.0) (14.0) (16.8) N.S.
External Rating, SPIR 6.00 8.29 +2.29 7.32 6.63 -0.68 F(1,77) = 4.46
(S.D.) (5.72) (4.98) (6.30) (6.68) (5.13) (6.20) p = 0.038
  1. Three-Measure Multivariate Time × Group F(1,77) = 1.90, not significant. Measure × Time × Group F(1,77) = 4.85, p = 0.03.