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Table 4 Analysis of effect of participation in online formative assessments in 2006 and 2007 by year commenced in program

From: Integrated online formative assessments in the biomedical sciences for medical students: benefits for learning

     End of Course Examination Marks
Course Year students commenced in program ≥ 1 attempt N Mean Mean difference (95% CI) T-Score P value
1 2005 No 63 63.8 6.9 (3.6, 10.2) 4.2 < .001
   Yes 170 70.7    
  2006 No 34 56.6 6.9 (2.1, 11.6) 2.9 .006
   Yes 200 63.4    
2 2005 No 41 65.3 3.0 (-.7, 6.7) 1.6 0.114
   Yes 188 68.3    
  2006 No 21 57.8 6.3 (1.4, 11.1) 2.5 .011
   Yes 210 64.0    
3 2005 No 44 67.0 4.5 (1.4, 7.5) 2.9 0.004
   Yes 185 71.5    
  2006 No 25 64.9 2.9 (-.7, 6.4) 1.6 .110
   Yes 206 67.8    
4 2005 No 34 56.7 9.0 (5.6, 12.4) 5.1 < .001
   Yes 194 65.7    
  2006 No 55 60.6 2.5 (-.9, 5.9) 1.5 .148
   Yes 173 63.1    
5 2006 No 23 68.4 2.1 (-1.5, 5.7) 1.2 .242
   Yes 205 70.6    
  2007 No 21 49.5 12.3 (7.6, 17.0) 5.1 < .001
   Yes 248 61.9    
6 2006 No 35 60.6 7.5 (3.5, 11.4) 3.7 < .001
   Yes 194 68.1    
  2007 No 35 59.4 3.4 (-.7, 7.5) 1.6 .107
   Yes 228 62.8    
7 2006 No 56 65.1 2.1 (-.4, 4.6) 1.6 .102
   Yes 172 67.2    
  2007 No 64 59.0 4.5 (2.1, 7.0) 3.7 < .001
   Yes 199 63.5    
  1. Statistical comparisons of End of Course examination marks between students who had attempted the online formative assessment in each course and those who had not were performed by Student's t-tests. NB: All courses in Phase 1 of the Medicine program are vertically integrated. Because courses are presented in alternating cycles, students commencing in 2007 had not completed courses 1–4 at the time of data collection, and students who commenced in 2005 completed courses 5–7 in their first year, prior to the period of data collection.