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Table 3 Pearson correlations between achievement at GCSE and background variables. Weighted N for cells varies between 11,544 and 13,049. Significance levels are shown as: *** p < .001; ** p < .01; * p < .05.

From: The educational background and qualifications of UK medical students from ethnic minorities

  Total points at GCSE Number of GCSEs taken Difficulty of GCSEs taken Independent (private) Female sex Higher socio- economic Greater parental Non-white ethnicity
Total points at GCSE 1.000 0.658 *** 0.187 *** 0.265 *** 0.115 *** 0.295 *** 0.338 *** -0.051 ***
Number of GCSEs taken 0.658 *** 1.000 -0.006 0.057 *** 0.058 *** 0.159 *** 0.167 *** -0.018 *
Difficulty of GCSEs taken 0.187 *** -0.006 1.000 0.286 *** 0.000 0.098 *** 0.140 *** -0.017
Independent (private) 0.265 *** 0.057 *** 0.286 *** 1.000 0.002 0.153 *** 0.228 *** 0.001
Female sex 0.115 *** 0.058 *** 0.000 0.002 1.000 -0.025 ** 0.004 -0.003
Higher socio- economic group+ 0.295 *** 0.159 *** 0.098 *** 0.153 *** -0.025 ** 1.000 0.318 *** -0.044 ***
Greater parental education 0.338 *** 0.167 *** 0.140 *** 0.228 *** 0.004 0.318 *** 1.000 -0.050 ***
Non-white Ethnicity -0.051 *** -0.018 * -0.017 0.001 -0.003 -0.044 *** -0.050 *** 1.000
  1. + Note: For convenience of interpretation, socio-economic group here and in other analyses has been rescored so that higher groups have higher scores (i.e. I = 5, II = 4, III = 3, IV = 2 and V = 1).