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Table 7 Differences over time in proportions reporting barriers to evidence-based practice (n, %), Friedman's Test

From: Providing education on evidence-based practice improved knowledge but did not change behaviour: a before and after study

Key barriers Time 1 Pre-Workshop
(n = 114)
Time 2 Post-Workshop
(n = 106)
Time 3 Follow-up
(n = 51)
DF χ2 P value
Lack of time # 86 (75%) 100 (94%) 45 (88%) 2 12.8 0.002**
Large workload/caseload 76 (67%) 79 (75%) 31 (61%) 2 1.1 0.568
Limited critical appraisal skills 68 (60%) 69 (65%) 21 (41%) 2 9.2 0.010**
Limited searching skills 69 (61%) 56 (53%) 12 (24%) 2 20.9 0.0001**
Difficulty accessing journals 51 (45%) 45 (43%) 18 (35%) 2 2.7 0.259
  1. Notes. # Participants were asked to 'list any barriers to implementing or adopting evidence-based practice, which apply to your workplace" and to choose as many items as they wished from a 17-item list. Therefore, numbers do not add up to 100%. **Significant at 0.05.