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Table 2 Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) modalities reported in a survey of three successive medical student classes, by survey administration.

From: Development and validation of the CAM Health Belief Questionnaire (CHBQ) and CAM use and attitudes amongst medical students

CAM Modality Used (%)* Survey Class
  MS 1 at entry to medical school (n = 87) MS 2 at midpoint of 2nd year of medical school (n = 88) MS 2 at end of 2nd year of medical school (n = 97) All medical students (n = 272)
Meditation 46.0 43.2 33.0 40.4
Massage 43.7 46.6 39.2 43.0
Spirituality 42.5 35.2 18.9 35.3
Herbals 36.8 37.5 27.8 33.8
Chiropractic 26.4 17.0 15.5 19.5
Traditional Oriental 12.6 11.4 15.5 13.2
T'ai Chi 10.3 6.8 10.3 9.2
Homeopathy 9.2 11.4 10.3 10.3
Biofeedback 9.2 11.4 4.1 8.1
Hypnosis 8.0 8.0 4.1 6.6
Ayurveda 6.9 4.5 6.2 5.9
Osteopathy 6.9 6.8 4.1 5.9
Therapeutic Touch 5.7 4.5 4.1 4.8
Curanderismo 2.3 1.1 2.1 1.8
Vitamins 64.4 -- -- --
  1. *Due to missing data, n may be smaller than 272 for some variables. Item asked only in the MS 1 survey.