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Table 1 Mean scores obtained for each item and each group of students

From: Motivational component profiles in university students learning histology: a comparative study between genders and different health science curricula

  Medicine students Dentistry students Pharmacy students
All students Female students Male students All students Female students Male students All students Female students Male students
1. Intrinsic motivation 03. Learning histology is interesting 3.85 ± 0.83 3.80 ± 0.91 3.95 ± 0.65 3.42 ± 0.92 3.38 ± 0.93 3.50 ± 0.90 3.74 ± 0.99 3.88 ± 0.95 3.39 ± 1.02
17. I am curious about discoveries in histology 3.57 ± 0.96 3.58 ± 0.98 3.56 ± 0.93 3.04 ± 1.01 2.94 ± 1.03 3.23 ± 0.96 3.52 ± 1.05 3.69 ± 1.02 3.10 ± 1.01
01. The histology I learn is relevant to my life 3.44 ± 0.84 3.34 ± 0.81 3.65 ± 0.87 3.29 ± 0.86 3.26 ± 0.89 3.35 ± 0.81 3.24 ± 1.02 3.37 ± 0.95 2.90 ± 1.14
12. Learning histology makes my life more meaningful 2.68 ± 1.02 2.65 ± 1.09 2.74 ± 0.88 2.35 ± 1.03 2.43 ± 1.01 2.19 ± 1.05 2.88 ± 1.00 3.03 ± 0.97 2.52 ± 1.00
19. I enjoy learning histology 3.86 ± 0.85 3.83 ± 0.91 3.93 ± 0.70 3.26 ± 0.99 3.22 ± 0.96 3.32 ± 1.05 3.71 ± 1.06 3.81 ± 1.04 3.47 ± 1.11
2. Career motivation 07. Learning histology will help me get a good job 3.15 ± 1.04 3.03 ± 1.03 3.40 ± 1.03 3.02 ± 1.11 3.10 ± 1.08 2.89 ± 1.17 2.91 ± 0.97 2.94 ± 0.98 2.84 ± 0.93
13. Understanding histology will benefit me in my career 4.28 ± 0.75 4.21 ± 0.78 4.42 ± 0.70 3.90 ± 0.92 3.89 ± 0.94 3.91 ± 0.91 3.68 ± 1.12 3.79 ± 1.07 3.39 ± 1.20
10. Knowing histology will give me a career advantage 4.23 ± 0.77 4.18 ± 0.72 4.33 ± 0.87 3.90 ± 0.91 3.85 ± 0.95 3.98 ± 0.85 3.64 ± 1.12 3.66 ± 1.08 3.58 ± 1.23
25. I will use histology problem-solving skills in my career 3.79 ± 0.74 3.72 ± 0.77 3.93 ± 0.68 3.55 ± 1.04 3.51 ± 1.12 3.64 ± 0.89 3.29 ± 0.97 3.31 ± 0.98 3.23 ± 0.96
23. My career will involve histology 4.08 ± 0.80 4.08 ± 0.76 4.09 ± 0.89 3.78 ± 1.02 3.75 ± 1.07 3.82 ± 0.95 3.44 ± 1.08 3.53 ± 1.10 3.23 ± 1.02
3. Self-determination 22. I study hard to learn histology 3.67 ± 0.86 3.73 ± 0.84 3.53 ± 0.91 3.71 ± 0.88 3.74 ± 0.89 3.66 ± 0.86 3.29 ± 0.98 3.40 ± 0.93 3.00 ± 1.05
16. I prepare well for histology tests and labs 4.42 ± 0.67 4.47 ± 0.69 4.33 ± 0.61 4.54 ± 0.60 4.51 ± 0.61 4.61 ± 0.58 4.09 ± 1.17 4.25 ± 1.07 3.71 ± 1.35
05. I put enough effort into learning histology 4.11 ± 0.87 4.15 ± 0.89 4.02 ± 0.83 4.05 ± 0.81 4.09 ± 0.85 3.98 ± 0.73 3.74 ± 0.99 3.86 ± 0.99 3.45 ± 0.93
11. I spend a lot of time learning histology 3.55 ± 0.85 3.60 ± 0.82 3.47 ± 0.91 3.67 ± 0.93 3.67 ± 0.92 3.68 ± 0.96 3.17 ± 1.03 3.25 ± 1.04 2.97 ± 0.98
06. I use strategies to learn histology well 3.67 ± 0.90 3.65 ± 0.94 3.70 ± 0.80 3.47 ± 1.07 3.40 ± 1.11 3.61 ± 0.97 3.39 ± 1.03 3.53 ± 0.98 3.06 ± 1.09
4. Self-efficacy 18. I believe I can earn a grade of “A” in histology 2.89 ± 1.06 2.81 ± 1.04 3.05 ± 1.09 3.07 ± 1.03 3.10 ± 1.02 3.02 ± 1.07 3.15 ± 1.07 3.12 ± 0.95 3.23 ± 1.33
14. I am confident I will do well on histology labs and projects 4.23 ± 0.69 4.27 ± 0.70 4.14 ± 0.68 4.20 ± 0.76 4.10 ± 0.82 4.39 ± 0.62 3.92 ± 1.07 3.91 ± 0.99 3.94 ± 1.26
15. I believe I can master histology knowledge and skills 3.74 ± 0.69 3.70 ± 0.66 3.83 ± 0.73 3.67 ± 0.68 3.60 ± 0.72 3.81 ± 0.59 3.75 ± 0.93 3.78 ± 0.85 3.68 ± 1.11
21. I am sure I can understand histology 4.17 ± 0.69 4.10 ± 0.69 4.33 ± 0.68 3.91 ± 0.79 3.89 ± 0.81 3.95 ± 0.78 3.89 ± 0.96 3.91 ± 0.87 3.84 ± 1.16
09. I am confident I will do well on histology tests 4.11 ± 0.79 4.09 ± 0.83 4.14 ± 0.71 4.07 ± 0.85 3.93 ± 0.89 4.34 ± 0.71 3.88 ± 1.01 3.78 ± 1.00 4.13 ± 1.02
5. Grade motivation 04. Getting a good histology grade is important to me 4.05 ± 0.86 4.18 ± 0.79 3.79 ± 0.94 4.25 ± 0.98 4.24 ± 1.00 4.27 ± 0.97 3.83 ± 1.11 3.92 ± 1.07 3.61 ± 1.20
08. It is important that I get an “A” in histology 3.51 ± 1.31 3.62 ± 1.29 3.29 ± 1.35 4.02 ± 1.20 4.01 ± 1.19 4.02 ± 1.25 3.49 ± 1.25 3.49 ± 1.23 3.48 ± 1.31
20. I think about the grade I will get in histology 3.51 ± 1.11 3.60 ± 1.07 3.33 ± 1.17 3.76 ± 1.09 3.64 ± 1.06 3.98 ± 1.11 3.56 ± 1.16 3.70 ± 1.16 3.20 ± 1.10
24. Scoring high on histology tests and labs matters to me 4.27 ± 0.72 4.23 ± 0.72 4.35 ± 0.72 4.08 ± 0.88 4.05 ± 0.86 4.14 ± 0.90 3.83 ± 1.07 3.97 ± 1.01 3.48 ± 1.15
  02. I like to do better than other students on histology tests 4.00 ± 0.94 3.93 ± 0.96 4.14 ± 0.89 3.94 ± 1.12 3.96 ± 1.17 3.91 ± 1.03 3.66 ± 1.24 3.68 ± 1.23 3.61 ± 1.31