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Table 3 Rating (Likert scale 1–5) of motivational factors for specialty preference

From: Few gender differences in specialty preferences and motivational factors: a cross-sectional Swedish study on last-year medical students

Motivational factors Women Men p
  N = 215 N = 157  
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD)  
Interesting content 4.7 (0.5) 4.5 (0.6) .004
A lot of direct patient contact 4.1 (0.9) 3.9 (0.9) .013
In line with technical skills 4.1 (1.1) 4.0 (1.0) NS
Combining work with family 3.9 (1.1) 3.6 (1.1) .020
Career prospects 3.3 (1.0) 3.4 (1.0) NS
Good salary 3.1 (0.9) 3.2 (1.1) NS
Research opportunities 2.8 (1.2) 2.9 (1.2) NS
  1. Note: Significant gender differences were measured using a non-parametric test (Mann–Whitney U test); significance level was set at p < .05. NS = not significant. p < .05 in bold.