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Table 1 Outcome measures at T1 and T2 for the intervention and control group

From: Mindfulness training for stress management: a randomised controlled study of medical and psychology students

  Intervention n=144 Control n=144  
Women n = 118 Women n = 101  
Men n = 26 Men n = 43  
  T1 T2 T1 T2 Hedges’ g F 1,287
     (95% CI) Women F 1,218
      Men F 1,67
      ( p-value)
GHQ12 12.4 (6.0) 9.2 (4.0) 13.0 (6.2) 13.2 (6.1) 0.65 (.41, .88) 44.55 (<.001)
 Women 12.8 (5.9) 9.2 (4.1) 13.9 (6.3) 14.1 (6.1) 0.72 (.45, .99) 47.21 (<.001)
 Men 10.8 (6.1) 9.3 (3.4) 11.0 (5.6) 11.1 (5.6) 0.33 (−.16, .82) 2.28 (.136)
Burnout 32.3 (12.4) 32.9 (12.1) 32.0 (11.8) 34.4 (11.2) 0.15 (−.08, .38) 1.63 (.204)
 Women 32.2 (12.9) 32.7 (11.9) 32.5 (12.1) 35.3 (11.9) 0.19 (−.08, .46) 3.69 (.056)
 Men 32.5 (14.0) 33.9 (13.1) 30.7 (11.0) 32.4 (9.3) 0.02 (−.47, .51) 0.08 (.779)
PMSS 18.9 (6.9) 18.4 (6.8) 19.5 (7.0) 20.3 (7.4) 0.17 (−.07, .40) 5.38 (.021) a
 Women 19.1 (6.8) 18.3 (6.5) 20.6 (7.3) 21.6 (7.9) 0.25 (.02, .52) 9.58 (.002)
 Men 17.6 (7.4) 18.9 (7.9) 16.9 (5.6) 17.1 (5.2) 0.17 (−.32, .66) 1.09 (.300)
SWB 6.3 (1.8) 6.8 (1.4) 6.4 (1.8) 6.1 (1.8) 0.40 (.27, .63) 16.16 (<.001)
 Women 6.3 (1.7) 6.8 (1.4) 6.2 (1.8) 5.8 (1.9) 0.61 (.34, .88) 32.15 (<.001)
 Men 6.4 (2.1) 6.3 (1.5) 6.8 (1.7) 6.9 (1.5) 0.19 (−.30, .68) 1.88 (.175)
  1. Note. Means (SD), g between group Hedges effect sizes and p-values from univariate tests across gender. CI Confidence Interval based on pooled post-intervention SD. Bold characters reflect data for the whole sample.
  2. aDid not reach significance using a Bonferroni-corrected alpha-level of 0.0125.