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Table 4 Socio-demographic and other correlates of intention to practice medicine in rural areas in the country among AAU medical students

From: Attitudes of undergraduate medical students of Addis Ababa University towards medical practice and migration, Ethiopia

Factors Intended to initially practice medicine in rural areas Adjusted OR* (95% CI) p-value
  No, n (%) Yes, n (%)   
Gender     
 Female 141 (72.3) 54 (27.7) 1.00 (Reference)  
 Male 282 (69.6) 123 (30.4) 0.95 (0.62, 1.47) 0.823
Age in years     
 15–19 177 (82.3) 38 (17.7) 1.00 (Reference)  
 20 or more 246 (63.9) 139 (36.1) 1.83 (1.12, 3.01)** 0.017
Religion     
 Other Christian 82(63.1) 48 (36.9) 1.00 (Reference)  
 Orthodox Christian 273 (73.2) 100 (26.8) 0.60 (0.38, 0.95) 0.030
 Muslim 60 (72.3) 23 (27.7) 0.59 (0.31, 1.16) 0.130
 Other 8 (57.1) 6 (42.9) 0.83 (0.25, 2.72) 0.754
Completed high school in Addis Ababa     
 No 160 (69.3) 71 (30.7) 1.00 (Reference)  
 Yes 263 (71.3) 106 (28.7) 1.38 (0.80, 2.37) 0.247
Original background     
 Urban 358 (74.3) 124 (25.7) 1.00 (Reference)  
 Rural 65 (55.1) 53 (44.9) 2.50 (1.18, 5.26)** 0.016
Medical education status     
 Pre-clinical 319 (74.5) 109 (25.5) 1.00 (Reference)  
 Clinical 104 (60.5) 68 (39.5) 1.83 (1.12, 2.99)** 0.017
Mother’s educational level     
 Never attended school 118 (62.1) 72 (37.9) 1.00 (Reference)  
 Elementary or high school 96 (75.6) 31 (24.4) 0.77 (0.41, 1.47) 0.432
 Above 12th grade 209 (73.9) 74 (26.1) 0.82 (0.40, 1.66) 0.576
Father’s educational level     
 Never attended school 85 (59.9) 57 (40.1) 1.00 (Reference)  
 Elementary or high school 93 (74.4) 32 (25.6) 0.60 (0.32, 1.12) 0.107
 Above 12th grade 245 (73.6) 88 (26.4) 0.82 (0.40, 1.68) 0.585
Main source of family’s income     
 Government employee 138 (74.6) 47 (25.4) 1.00 (Reference)  
 Business 120 (75.5) 39 (24.5) 0.84 (0.47, 1.48) 0.539
 Agriculture-based 73 (58.4) 52 (41.6) 0.95 (0.40, 2.26) 0.913
 Other 92 (70.2) 39 (29.8) 0.99 (0.58, 1.71) 0.978
Total, N (%) 423 (70.5) 177 (29.5)   
  1. *OR = Odds Ratio, **An OR >1 indicates greater likelihood of practicing in a rural area compared with practicing in urban.
  2. Note: P-values in bold are statistically significant (p < 0.05).
  3. Source: A survey conducted in June 2009 among 600 Addis Ababa University medical students in Ethiopia