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Table 5 Comparison of mean scores for IRI-EC and IRI-PT of students entering the Clinical component of the course (Year 4) in 2007, 2008 and 2009 with those entering in 2010, by gender

From: Stability of empathy among undergraduate medical students: A longitudinal study at one UK medical school

  Empathetic Concern
Students entering Clinical component (Year 4) Men Women
2010 n = 35 n = 34
Mean (SD) 19.37 (4.28) 21.48 (4.04)
2007 n = 37 n = 64
Mean difference from 2010 (95% CI) -0.169 (-2.76 to 2.43) -0.620 (-2.09 to 1.96)
2008 n = 46 n = 55
Mean difference from 2010 (95% CI) 0.263 (-2.21 to 2.73) -0.645 (-2.73 to 1.44)
2009 n = 36 n = 31
Mean difference from 2010 (95% CI) -0.573 (-3.19 to 2.04) 0.711 (-1.65 to 3.07)
  Perspective Taking
Students entering Clinical component (Year 4) Men Women
2010 n = 35 n = 34
Mean (SD) 18.11 (4.05) 18.76 (4.36)
2007 n = 37 n = 64
Mean difference from 2010 (95% CI) 0.736 (-1.94 to 3.41) -0.992 (-3.40 to 1.42)
2008 n = 46 n = 54
Mean difference from 2010 (95% CI) 0.093 (-2.45 to 2.63) -0.533 (-3.01 to 1.94)
2009 n = 37 n = 31
Mean difference from 2010 (95% CI) 0.033 (-2.64 to 2.71) 0.274 (-2.54 to 3.08)
  1. (Bonferroni post hoc test results)