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Table 4 Time coefficients resulting from regression analyses for the outcome variables of IRI-EC and IRI-PT, controlling for student year of entry, presented as time coefficients with 95% confidence intervals

From: Stability of empathy among undergraduate medical students: A longitudinal study at one UK medical school

  Men Women
Core Science component students  
   Empathetic Concern  
   Time coefficients (95% CI) -0.53 (-0.87 to -0.20) -0.12 (-0.39 to 0.14)
   Perspective Taking   
   Time coefficients (95% CI) 0.35 (-0.006 to 0.71)‡ -0.03 (-0.37 to 0.30)
Clinical component students
   Empathetic Concern  
   Time coefficients (95% CI) -0.46 (-0.89 to -0.02) -0.27 (-0.55 to 0.01)*
   Perspective Taking
   Time coefficients (95% CI) 0.14 (-0.31 to 0.60) -0.13 (-0.35 to 0.09)
  1. Results were similar and conclusions unchanged after removing outliers more than 3 SD away from the mean, except where indicated.
  2. ‡ Time coefficient was 0.38 (95% CI 0.03 to 0.74) after removing outliers more than 3 SD below the mean.
  3. * Time coefficient was -0.30 (95% CI -0.57 to -0.04) after removing outliers more than 3 SD below the mean.