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Table 3 Type, Source & Perceived Basis of IHD by Gender

From: Family medicine graduates' perceptions of intimidation, harassment, and discrimination during residency training

  Male
n = 44 (%)
Female
n = 60 (%)
p values*
Type of IHD      
   Inappropriate verbal comments 40 (90.9) 58 (96.7) 0.24
   Work as punishment 17 (38.6) 12 (20.0) 0.047
   Privileges/opportunities taken away 3 (6.8) 16 (26.7) 0.01
   Recrimination for reporting 3 (6.8) 4 (6.7) 1.00
   Inappropriate/unwanted physical contact 2 (4.5) 3 (5.0) 1.00
   Sexual harassment 2 (4.5) 1 (1.7) 1.00
Source of IHD      
   Specialist Physicians 33 (75.0) 47 (78.3) 0.84
   Hospital Nurses 21 (47.7) 36 (60.0) 0.24
   Specialty Residents 16 (36.4) 31 (57.7) 0.16
   Patients 16 (36.4) 20 (33.3) 0.84
   Family Physicians 7 (15.9) 12 (20.0) 0.80
   Support Staff 4 (9.1) 10 (16.7) 0.38
   Family Medicine Residents 3 (6.8) 4 (6.7) 1.00
   Program Director 2 (4.5) 2 (3.3) 1.00
   Family Medicine Nurses 1 (2.3) 1 (1.7) 1.00
Perceived Basis for IHD      
   Gender 2 (4.5) 25 (41.7) 0.00001
   Ethnicity 4 (9.1) 13 (21.7) 0.11
   Culture 4 (9.1) 6 (10.0) 1.00
   Language 1 (2.3) 4 (6.7) 0.39
   Sexual Orientation 1 (2.3) 0 (0.0) 0.42
  1. *Fisher's Exact test
  2. Note: Respondents could check as many responses as apply, thus response totals add up to more than the column totals noted at the top.