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Table 2 Comparisons between scores on the subscales in different years

From: The role of deliberate practice in the acquisition of clinical skills

Factor Years compared Difference Effect size (Cohen's d)
Planning    
  Year 2 vs Year 1 +0.19* .26
  Year 3 vs Year 2 +0.05 .07
  Year 3 vs Year 1 +0.24* .33
Concentration/dedication    
  Year 2 vs Year 1 -0.08 .11
  Year 3 vs Year 2 -0.06 .09
  Year 3 vs Year 1 -.015 .21
Repetition/Revision    
  Year 2 vs Year 1 -0.14 .19
  Year 3 vs Year 2 -0.17* .25
  Year 3 vs Year 1 -0.30* .44
Study style/self reflection    
  Year 2 vs Year 1 +0.03 .06
  Year 3 vs Year 2 +0.01 .02
  Year 3 vs Year 1 +0.04 .09
  1. * significance level 0.05 (2-tailed)