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Curriculum development

Section Edited by Marjo Wijnen-Meijer

This section considers manuscripts that investigate what material should be covered in medical school curricula and how the material should be developed as students progress through their education.


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  1. Curriculum viability is determined by the degree to which quality standards have or have not been met, and by the inhibitors that affect attainment of those standards. The literature reports many ways to evalu...

    Authors: Rehan Ahmed Khan, Annemarie Spruijt, Usman Mahboob, Mohamed Al Eraky and Jeroen J. G. van Merrienboer

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:405

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) brought several challenges in medical education. The aim of our study was to investigate whether virtual distance trainings (VDT) organized during the COVID-19 pandemic at ou...

    Authors: Enikő Kovács, András Kállai, Gábor Fritúz, Zsolt Iványi, Vivien Mikó, Luca Valkó, Balázs Hauser and János Gál

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:393

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  3. Despite a rapid rise of use of social media in medical disciplines, uncertainty prevails among healthcare professionals for providing medical content on social media. There are also growing concerns about unpr...

    Authors: Shaista Salman Guraya, Salman Yousuf Guraya and Muhamad Saiful Bahri Yusoff

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:381

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. Teamwork is an important success factors for patient treatment. The willingness of a healthcare provider to work in a team can be descripted with the construct of “Collective Orientation” (CO). The level of CO...

    Authors: M Flentje, V Hagemann, G Breuer, P Bintaro and H Eismann

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:365

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. The availability and popularity of laptops, tablet PCs and smartphones in private and work environments offers considerable potential for reasonably integrating blended learning formats into structured medical...

    Authors: Judith Wehling, Stefan Volkenstein, Stefan Dazert, Christian Wrobel, Konstantin van Ackeren, Katharina Johannsen and Tobias Dombrowski

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:351

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. Despite significant teaching responsibilities and national accreditation standards, most residents do not receive adequate instruction in teaching methods. Published reports of residents-as-teachers programs v...

    Authors: Jane Rowat, Krista Johnson, Lisa Antes, Katherine White, Marcy Rosenbaum and Manish Suneja

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:346

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. Complex healthcare systems increasingly demand influential nurse leaders adept at managing changes in unstable environments. The doctor of nursing practice (DNP) prepares the nurses for the most advanced level...

    Authors: Mozhgan Rivaz, Paymaneh Shokrollahi, Elahe Setoodegan and Farkhondeh Sharif

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:328

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Medical Education 2021 21:398

  8. Medical school curricula are constantly evolving and change has potential positive and negative effects. At East Tennessee State University Quillen College of Medicine, a broader understanding of the effects o...

    Authors: Blair A. Reece, K. Ramsey McGowen, Kenneth E. Olive and Catherine R. Peeples

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:291

    Content type: Technical advance

    Published on:

  9. Poor-quality diet is associated with one in five deaths globally. In the United States, it is the leading cause of death, representing a bigger risk factor than even smoking. For many, education on a healthy d...

    Authors: Nathan I. Wood, Rebecca D. Gleit and Diane L. Levine

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:280

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. As the numbers of people with dementia worldwide rises, there is a need for improved knowledge and awareness about the condition across the healthcare workforce. There are concerns that traditional models of h...

    Authors: Yvonne Feeney, Stephanie Daley, Breda Flaherty and Sube Banerjee

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:201

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. The humanities have long been shown to play an important role in the medical school curriculum. However, few studies have looked into the opinions of medical students on the usefulness and necessity of the hum...

    Authors: Loukia Petrou, Emma Mittelman, Oluwapelumi Osibona, Mona Panahi, Joanna M. Harvey, Yusuf A. A. Patrick and Kathleen E. Leedham-Green

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:179

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, medical schools suspended clinical rotations. This displacement of medical students from wards has limited experiential learning. Concurrently, outpatient practices are ex...

    Authors: Alec M. Weber, Anoushka Dua, Kitae Chang, Hamsitha Jupalli, Farsha Rizwan, Abhishek Chouthai and Catherine Chen

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:174

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. Entrustable professional activities (EPAs) are increasingly used in undergraduate medical education (UME). We conducted a scoping review to summarize the evidence for the use of EPAs in clinical rotations in UME.

    Authors: Severin Pinilla, Eric Lenouvel, Andrea Cantisani, Stefan Klöppel, Werner Strik, Sören Huwendiek and Christoph Nissen

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:172

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. Being pharmaceutical care one of the four areas defined by the International Pharmaceutical Federation’s Global Competence Framework, the curriculum redesigned scheme is a priority task to perform a pharmaceut...

    Authors: Alina M. Martínez-Sánchez

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:158

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. During the COVID-19 pandemic, despite many widespread calls for social distancing, recommendations have not been followed by some people and the high rate of non-compliance has significantly affected lives all...

    Authors: Danette Waller McKinley and Saeideh Ghaffarifar

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:150

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  16. The excessive sub-divided or concrete pre-determined objectives found in the technological approach in contemporary medical education curricula may hinder the students’ spontaneous learning about diverse needs...

    Authors: Akiteru Takamura and Rintaro Imafuku

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:143

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. Pain is a devastating sensation and has to be treated immediately. Therefore, we developed a training program to improve the knowledge of medical students in the field of pain medicine. In the present study, t...

    Authors: Sandra Kurz, Jana Lohse, Holger Buggenhagen, Irene Schmidtmann, Rita Laufenberg-Feldmann and Kristin Engelhard

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:133

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) individuals are more likely to have negative healthcare experiences and worse health outcomes when compared with their heterosexual and cisgender counterparts. A ...

    Authors: Nicholas Tollemache, Duncan Shrewsbury and Carrie Llewellyn

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:100

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. Research engagement contributes to the improvement of patient care. A systematic review is a suitable first scholarly activity because it entails summarization of publicly available data and usually requires n...

    Authors: Hiraku Tsujimoto, Yuki Kataoka, Yukihito Sato, Masahiro Banno, Emi Tsujino-Tsujimoto, Yukiyoshi Sumi, Ryuichi Sada, Takashi Fujiwara, Yoichi Ohtake, Junji Kumasawa, Haruki Imura, Yoshinobu Matsuda, Ryuhei So, Tomoko Kagawa, Takashi Yoshioka, Yu Uneno…

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:98

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. Given the challenge of chronic lifestyle diseases, the shift in healthcare focus to primary care and recognised importance of a preventive approach to health, including exercise prescription, the embedding of ...

    Authors: Caitriona Cunningham, Catherine Blake, Grainne O Donoghue, Ciaran Purcell, Ulrik Mc Carthy Persson, Karen Cradock and Sinead Mc Mahon

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:76

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) patients have an increased incidence of a range of health problems, and face many barriers to accessing healthcare. Our research aimed to explore the awareness of ...

    Authors: Sophie Arthur, Abigail Jamieson, Harry Cross, Kate Nambiar and Carrie D. Llewellyn

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:56

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. As part of the modern generation of medical students and prospective future doctors of the United Kingdom’s Nation Health Service (NHS), we have grown up in an age where smartphones and instant messaging appli...

    Authors: Muhammed Aizaz us Salam, George Chukwuemeka Oyekwe, Sami Ahmad Ghani and Regwaan Imtiaz Choudhury

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:54

    Content type: Correspondence

    Published on:

  23. Primary care physicians are at the very heart of managing patients suffering from multimorbidity. However, several studies have highlighted that some physicians feel ill-equipped to manage these kinds of compl...

    Authors: M.-C. Audétat, S. Cairo Notari, J. Sader, C. Ritz, T. Fassier, J. M. Sommer, M. Nendaz and N. Caire-Fon

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:31

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  24. Developing self-regulated learning in preclinical settings is important for future lifelong learning. Previous studies indicate professional identity formation, i.e., formation of self-identity with internaliz...

    Authors: Yasushi Matsuyama, Motoyuki Nakaya, Jimmie Leppink, Cees van der Vleuten, Yoshikazu Asada, Adam Jon Lebowitz, Teppei Sasahara, Yu Yamamoto, Masami Matsumura, Akira Gomi, Shizukiyo Ishikawa and Hitoaki Okazaki

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:30

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. The objective of this study is to characterize participants in a laparoscopic cadaveric neuroanatomy course and assess knowledge of pelvic neuroanatomy before and after this course.

    Authors: Ioana Marcu, Adrian Balica, Jeffrey A. Gavard, Eugen C. Campian, Gustavo Leme Fernandes, M. Jonathon Solnik, Vadim Morozov and Nucelio Lemos

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:26

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) faces a severe shortage of Obstetrician Gynaecologists (OBGYNs). While the Lancet Commission for Global Surgery recommends 20 OBGYNs per 100,000 population, Botswana has only 40 OBGYNs...

    Authors: R. Luckett, M. Nassali, T. Melese, B. Moreri-Ntshabele, T. Moloi, G. J. Hofmeyr, K. Chobanga, J. Masunge, J. Makhema, M. Pollard, H. A. Ricciotti, D. Ramogola-Masire and L. Bazzett-Matabele

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:19

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. One in three women in the United Kingdom (UK) will have an abortion before age 45, making abortion provision an essential aspect of reproductive healthcare. Despite this, abortion remains ethically contested a...

    Authors: Pollyanna Cohen, Jonathan Mayhew, Faye Gishen, Henry W. W. Potts, Patricia A. Lohr and Jayne Kavanagh

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:4

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Providing medical students with opportunities for research experience is challenging for medical schools in developing countries. The Research Training Program (RTP), which is carried out in Ege University Fac...

    Authors: Zeliha Öcek, Hilal Batı, Ebru Demirel Sezer, Özge Altun Köroğlu, Özlem Yılmaz, Nilüfer Demiral Yılmaz and Aliye Mandıracıoğlu

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:2

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. The re-introduction of medical students into healthcare systems struggling with the COVID-19 pandemic raises concerns as to whether they will be supported when confronted with death and dying patients in resou...

    Authors: Chong Yao Ho, Cheryl Shumin Kow, Chin Howe Joshua Chia, Jia Ying Low, Yong Hao Melvin Lai, Sarah-Kei Lauw, Ashley Ern Hui How, Lorraine Hui En Tan, Xin Ling Lisa Ngiam, Natalie Pei Xin Chan, Tze Yin Joshua Kuek, Nur Haidah Ahmad Kamal, Jeng Long Chia, Ahmad Bin Hanifah Marican Abdurrahman, Min Chiam, Yun Ting Ong…

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2020 20:516

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Curricular integration represents collaborations between disciplines to establish a coherent curriculum and has become the dominant recommendation for medical education in the second half of the twentieth cent...

    Authors: Marjo Wijnen-Meijer, Sjoukje van den Broek, Franciska Koens and Olle ten Cate

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2020 20:509

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  31. With funding from the United States Health Resources Service Administration (HRSA), a consortium of health professional training institutions from Africa developed HIV-specific, interprofessional, team-based e...

    Authors: E. Kiguli-Malwadde, J. Z. Budak, E. Chilemba, F. Semitala, D. Von Zinkernagel, M. Mosepele, H. Conradie, J. Khanyola, C. Haruruvizhe, S. Martin, A. Kazembe, M. De Villiers and M. J. A. Reid

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2020 20:499

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Faculty development is important for advancing teaching practice in health professions education. However, little is known regarding how faculty development outcomes are achieved and how change in practice may...

    Authors: Agnes Elmberger, Erik Björck, Juha Nieminen, Matilda Liljedahl and Klara Bolander Laksov

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2020 20:497

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. With increased student numbers in the Sydney Medical Program, and concerns regarding standardisation across cohorts, student satisfaction of the problem-based learning (PBL) model had decreased in recent years...

    Authors: Annette Burgess, Jane Bleasel, John Hickson, Ceren Guler, Eszter Kalman and Inam Haq

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2020 20:492

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Taiwan’s colleges and universities are struggling to maintain their student enrollment rates owing to the declining fertility rate. Focusing on students in higher education programs, this study aims to analyze...

    Authors: Szu-Chieh Chen, Thomas Chang-Yao Tsao, Ko-Huang Lue and Yafang Tsai

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2020 20:483

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Core Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs) have been defined to specify the performance expectations for entering residents worldwide. The content of these EPAs was elaborated and validated primarily via ...

    Authors: Ylva Holzhausen, Asja Maaz, Yadira Roa-Romero and Harm Peters

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2020 20:452

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. Electives are perceived by medical students as a valuable, highly regarded experience, allowing them to customize learning experiences and enabling them to early differentiate during medical training. The pres...

    Authors: Ana Rita Ramalho, P. M. Vieira-Marques, C. Magalhães-Alves, M. Severo, M. A. Ferreira and I. Falcão-Pires

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2020 20:449

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. In undergraduate medical education, patient safety concepts and understanding of medical errors are under-represented. This problem is more evident in low-income settings. The aim of this study was to explore ...

    Authors: Mohammed Alser, Bettina Böttcher, Maha Alfaqawi, Abdallah Jlambo, Walaa Abuzubaida and Nasser Abu-El-Noor

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2020 20:447

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Vaccination is the most cost-effective medical intervention known to prevent morbidity and mortality. However, data are limited on the effectiveness of residency programs in delivering immunization knowledge a...

    Authors: Rebecca A. Shalansky, Margaret Wu, Shixin Cindy Shen, Colin Furness, Shaun K. Morris, Donna Reynolds, Tom Wong, Barry Pakes and Natasha Crowcroft

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2020 20:442

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Educational capacity building in pediatric ophthalmology is necessary to address the burden of childhood blindness in Ethiopia. Residency and fellowship training at Addis Ababa University (AAU) have been enhan...

    Authors: Stephanie N. Kletke, Jibat G. Soboka, Helen Dimaras, Sadik T. Sherief and Asim Ali

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2020 20:438

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. The impact of stress and burnout in students is an emerging topic. When students perceive that they are unable to cope with stressors, there is increased potential for burnout. To maximise students’ higher edu...

    Authors: Tess Brooke, Makaela Brown, Robin Orr and Suzanne Gough

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2020 20:433

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Although electrocardiography is considered a core learning outcome for medical students, there is currently little curricular guidance for undergraduate ECG training. Owing to the absence of expert consensus o...

    Authors: Charle André Viljoen, Rob Scott Millar, Kathryn Manning and Vanessa Celeste Burch

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2020 20:431

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) is increasingly recognised as being crucial for the provision of holistic care and optimising health outcomes among older adults, many with multiple complex heal...

    Authors: Janita Pak Chun Chau, Suzanne Hoi Shan Lo, Vivian Wing Yan Lee, Wai Ming Yiu, Helen Chung Yan Chiang, David R. Thompson and Alexander Yuk Lun Lau

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2020 20:388

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. The pediatric surgery residency program is new in Saudi Arabia. As with any new program, residents experience a degree of fear and anxiety about their future in the program. The aim of this study is to examine...

    Authors: Tariq Altokhais, Mohammed Al Rajhi, Osama Bawazir, Gassan T. Almogbel, Abdullah I. Aljunaydil and Abdullah Alshehri

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2020 20:375

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. With almost 20% unnecessary spending on healthcare, there has been increasing interest in high value care defined as the best care for the patient, with the optimal result for the circumstances, delivered at t...

    Authors: Amit K. Pahwa, Kevin Eaton, Ariella Apfel, Amanda Bertram, Rebecca Ridell and Danelle Cayea

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2020 20:365

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. As increasing the number of organ donations presents a global challenge, Saudi Arabia is no different. Intensivists can play a major role in maximizing the organ donation process and minimize the challenges. T...

    Authors: Yasser M. Kazzaz and Omar B. Da’ar

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2020 20:358

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. Communication skill is a core competency in neurology residency training. Specific training in this area at the residency level is often lacking, especially regarding difficult conversations. The aim of this s...

    Authors: Lixin Zhou, Bo Wu, Liyong Wu, Xin Cheng, Bo Hu, Ming Yao, Yicheng Zhu, Bin Peng, Liying Cui and Jun Ni

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2020 20:336

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. Patient-led education contributes to the implementation of practical experience of working with patients in health care professional curricula. There are few descriptions of patients’ involvement in pharmacist...

    Authors: Caroline Hache, Stéphane Honoré and Guillaume Hache

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2020 20:322

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. People with intellectual disability (ID) have multiple and complex health needs, more frequent healthcare episodes, and experience poorer health outcomes. Research conducted two decades ago showed that medical...

    Authors: Julian N. Trollor, Claire Eagleson, Beth Ruffell, Jane Tracy, Jennifer J. Torr, Seeta Durvasula, Teresa Iacono, Rachael C. Cvejic and Nicholas Lennox

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2020 20:321

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

Annual Journal Metrics

  • Speed
    92 days to first decision for reviewed manuscripts only
    62 days to first decision for all manuscripts
    201 days from submission to acceptance
    15 days from acceptance to publication

    Citation Impact
    2.463 - 2-year Impact Factor
    3.070 - 5-year Impact Factor
    1.651 - Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP)
    0.809 - SCImago Journal Rank (SJR)

    Usage 
    2,508,546 downloads
    1,966 Altmetric mentions