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Assessment and evaluation of admissions, knowledge, skills and attitudes

Section edited by Tim Wilkinson and Danette McKinley


This section considers manuscripts that investigate issues in assessment and evaluation with a focus on medical school admissions and the assessment and evaluation of knowledge, skills, and attitudes in medical students.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    To reduce the incidence of hypoxic brain injuries among newborns a national cardiotocography (CTG) education program was implemented in Denmark. A multiple-choice question test was integrated as part of the pr...

    Authors: Line Thellesen, Thomas Bergholt, Morten Hedegaard, Nina Palmgren Colov, Karl Bang Christensen, Kristine Sylvan Andersen and Jette Led Sorensen

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:88

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Western medicine is an evidence-based science, whereas Chinese medicine is more of a healing art. To date, there has been no research that has examined whether students of Western and Chinese medicine differen...

    Authors: Chien-Da Huang, Kuo-Chen Liao, Fu-Tsai Chung, Hsu-Min Tseng, Ji-Tseng Fang, Shu-Chung Lii, Han-Pin Kuo, San-Jou Yeh and Shih-Tseng Lee

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:85

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Despite growing evidence of the benefits of including assessment for learning strategies within programmes of assessment, practical implementation of these approaches is often problematical. Organisational cul...

    Authors: Christopher J. Harrison, Karen D. Könings, Lambert W. T. Schuwirth, Valerie Wass and Cees P. M. van der Vleuten

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:73

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) is increasingly used at medical schools to assess practical competencies. To compare the outcomes of students at different medical schools, we introduced st...

    Authors: Iris Schleicher, Karsten Leitner, Jana Juenger, Andreas Moeltner, Miriam Ruesseler, Bernd Bender, Jasmina Sterz, Karl-Friedrich Schuettler, Sarah Koenig and Joachim Gerhard Kreuder

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:71

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The demographics of doctors working in the UK are changing. The United Kingdom (UK) has voted to leave the European Union (EU) and there is heightened political discourse around the world about the impact of m...

    Authors: L. Mehdizadeh, H. W. W. Potts, A. Sturrock and J. Dacre

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:67

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Previous studies have identified tensions medical faculty encounter in their roles but not specifically those with a qualification in medical education. It is likely that those with postgraduate qualifications...

    Authors: Ahsan Sethi, Rola Ajjawi, Sean McAleer and Susie Schofield

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:62

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Self-regulated learning (SRL), which is learners’ ability to proactively select and use different strategies to reach learning goals, is associated with academic and clinical success and life-long learning. SR...

    Authors: Kenneth K. Cho, Brahm Marjadi, Vicki Langendyk and Wendy Hu

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:59

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Research has shown that patients’ and practitioners’ cultural orientations affect communication behaviors and interpretations in cross-cultural patient-practitioner interactions. Little is known about the effe...

    Authors: Kyle J. Wilby, Marjan J. B. Govaerts, Zubin Austin and Diana H. J. M. Dolmans

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:61

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Despite their importance on diagnostic accuracy, there is a paucity of literature on questionnaire tools to assess clinicians’ awareness toward cognitive errors. A validation study was conducted to develop a q...

    Authors: Keng Sheng Chew, Yee Cheng Kueh and Adlihafizi Abdul Aziz

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:58

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The multiple mini-interview (MMI) is increasingly used for postgraduate medical admissions and in undergraduate settings. MMIs use mostly Situational Questions (SQs) rather than Past-Behavioural Questions (PBQ...

    Authors: Toru Yamada, Juichi Sato, Hiroshi Yoshimura, Tomoya Okubo, Eiji Hiraoka, Takashi Shiga, Tadao Kubota, Shigeki Fujitani, Junji Machi and Nobutaro Ban

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:57

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The concept of professionalism is complex and subjective and relies on expert judgements. Currently, there are no existing objective measures of professionalism in anaesthesia. However, it is possible that at ...

    Authors: M. A. Sawdon, K. Whitehouse, G. M. Finn, J. C. McLachlan and D. Murray

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:49

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Previous research has shown that higher Emotional Intelligence (EI) is associated with better academic and work performance. The present study intended to explore the relationship between EI, perceived stress ...

    Authors: P. Ranasinghe, W. S. Wathurapatha, Y. Mathangasinghe and G. Ponnamperuma

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:41

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Current and emerging challenges to public health in the 21st century are vastly different from those faced in previous centuries. And the shortage of health personnel and their low level of educational qualifi...

    Authors: Nan Wang, Jinzhong Jia, Ke Wu, Yuanyuan Wang, Chi Zhang, Wei Cao, Liping Duan and Zhifeng Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:39

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Sharing information is crucial for discussion of problems and treatment decision making by patients and physicians. However, the focus of communication skills training in undergraduate medical education has be...

    Authors: Hirono Ishikawa, Daisuke Son, Masato Eto, Kiyoshi Kitamura and Takahiro Kiuchi

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:34

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Serious games have the potential to teach complex cognitive skills in an engaging way, at relatively low costs. Their flexibility in use and scalability makes them an attractive learning tool, but more researc...

    Authors: Mary E. W. Dankbaar, Olivier Richters, Cor J. Kalkman, Gerrie Prins, Olle T. J. ten Cate, Jeroen J. G. van Merrienboer and Stephanie C. E. Schuit

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:30

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Assessing radiographers’ clinical competence is of major importance in all medical imaging departments, and is a fundamental prerequisite for guaranteeing professional standards in both nursing care and radiog...

    Authors: Aurika Vanckavičienė, Jūratė Macijauskienė, Aurelija Blaževičienė, Algidas Basevičius and Bodil T. Andersson

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:25

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Despite a large evidence-base upon which to base clinical practice, most health systems have not combined the training of healthcare providers in addiction medicine and research. As such, addiction care is oft...

    Authors: J. Klimas, R. McNeil, K. Ahamad, A. Mead, L. Rieb, W. Cullen, E. Wood and W. Small

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:22

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  18. Content type: Research article

    This study explored the use of virtual patient generated data by investigating the association between students’ unprofessional patient summary statements, which they entered during an on-line virtual patient ...

    Authors: Ting Dong, William Kelly, Meredith Hays, Norman B. Berman and Steven J. Durning

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:3

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  19. Content type: Research article

    King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS) was the first university in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia offering both high school entry and graduate entry (GE) students into medical school. We...

    Authors: Ahmed Rumayyan Al Rumayyan, Abdulaziz Ahmed Al Zahrani and Tahir Kamal Hameed

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2016 16:315

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  20. Content type: Research article

    An increasing part of medical students’ learning takes place in primary healthcare (PHC) but little is known about how the students perceive PHC as a clinical learning environment. This study aimed to explore ...

    Authors: Helena Salminen, Eva Öhman and Terese Stenfors-Hayes

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2016 16:313

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Clinical learning takes place in complex socio-cultural environments that are workplaces for the staff and learning places for the students. In the clinical context, the students learn by active participation ...

    Authors: Eva Öhman, Hassan Alinaghizadeh, Päivi Kaila, Håkan Hult, Gunnar H. Nilsson and Helena Salminen

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2016 16:308

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Medical students face a variety of stressors associated with their education; if not promptly identified and adequately dealt with, it may bring about several negative consequences in terms of mental health an...

    Authors: Eun-Jung Shim, Hong Jin Jeon, Hana Kim, Kwang-Min Lee, Dooyoung Jung, Hae-Lim Noh, Myoung-Sun Roh and Bong-Jin Hahm

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2016 16:302

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Clinical reasoning is a key competence in medicine. There is a lack of knowledge, how non-experts like medical students solve clinical problems. It is known that they have difficulties applying conceptual know...

    Authors: Jan Kiesewetter, Rene Ebersbach, Nike Tsalas, Matthias Holzer, Ralf Schmidmaier and Martin R. Fischer

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2016 16:303

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Despite the benefits to early palliative care in the treatment of terminal illness, barriers to timely hospice referrals exist. Physicians who are more comfortable having end-of-life (EOL) conversations are mo...

    Authors: Jessica M. Schmit, Lynne E. Meyer, Jennifer M. Duff, Yunfeng Dai, Fei Zou and Julia L. Close

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2016 16:297

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Performance on visiting rotations during the senior year of medical school is consistently cited by residency program directors as a critical factor in selecting residents. Nevertheless, the frequency with whi...

    Authors: Matthew Winterton, Jaimo Ahn and Joseph Bernstein

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2016 16:291

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The outcome of communication training is widely measured by self-efficacy ratings, and different questionnaires have been used. Nevertheless, none of these questionnaires have been formally validated through s...

    Authors: Mette K. Axboe, Kaj S. Christensen, Poul-Erik Kofoed and Jette Ammentorp

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2016 16:272

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Feedback is considered a key didactic element in medical education, especially for teaching of communication skills. This study investigates the impact of a best evidence-based practice feedback concept within...

    Authors: Cosima Engerer, Pascal O. Berberat, Andreas Dinkel, Baerbel Rudolph, Heribert Sattel and Alexander Wuensch

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2016 16:271

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Medical students have difficulty performing and interpreting musculoskeletal physical examinations and interpreting the findings. Research has focused on students' knowledge deficits, but there are few direct ...

    Authors: R. Brent Stansfield, Lisa Diponio, Cliff Craig, John Zeller, Edmund Chadd, Joshua Miller and Seetha Monrad

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2016 16:268

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Single Best Answer (SBA) questions are widely used in undergraduate and postgraduate medical examinations. Selection of the correct answer in SBA questions may be subject to cueing and therefore might not test...

    Authors: Amir H. Sam, Saira Hameed, Joanne Harris and Karim Meeran

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2016 16:266

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Tertiary institutions are struggling to ensure equitable academic outcomes for indigenous and ethnic minority students in health professional study. This demonstrates disadvantaging of ethnic minority student ...

    Authors: Erena Wikaire, Elana Curtis, Donna Cormack, Yannan Jiang, Louise McMillan, Rob Loto and Papaarangi Reid

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2016 16:262

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Training of lay-rescuers is essential to improve survival-rates after cardiac arrest. Multiple campaigns emphasise the importance of basic life support (BLS) training for school children. Trainings require a v...

    Authors: Stefanie Beck, Bjarne Ruhnke, Malte Issleib, Anne Daubmann, Sigrid Harendza and Christian Zöllner

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2016 16:263

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Most research into the validity of admissions tools focuses on the isolated correlations of individual tools with later outcomes. Instead, looking at how domains of attributes, rather than tools, predict later...

    Authors: Tom M. Wilkinson and Tim J. Wilkinson

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2016 16:258

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  33. Content type: Research article

    There is a paucity of evidence on how to train medical students to provide equitable, high quality care to racial and ethnic minority patients. We test the hypothesis that medical schools’ ability to foster a ...

    Authors: Diana J. Burgess, Sara E. Burke, Brooke A. Cunningham, John F. Dovidio, Rachel R. Hardeman, Yuefeng Hou, David B. Nelson, Sylvia P. Perry, Sean M. Phelan, Mark W. Yeazel and Michelle van Ryn

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2016 16:254

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The assessment of patient safety culture refers mainly to surveys exploring the perceptions of health professionals in hospitals. These surveys have less relevance when considering the assessment of the patien...

    Authors: M. Chaneliere, F. Jacquet, P. Occelli, S. Touzet, V. Siranyan and C. Colin

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2016 16:255

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Progress testing (PT) is used in Western countries to evaluate students’ level of functional knowledge, and to enhance meaning-oriented and self-directed learning. However, the use of PT has not been investiga...

    Authors: Yasushi Matsuyama, Arno M. M. Muijtjens, Makoto Kikukawa, Renee Stalmeijer, Reiko Murakami, Shizukiyo Ishikawa and Hitoaki Okazaki

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2016 16:245

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  36. Content type: Research article

    A major focus in nursing education is on the judgement of clinical performance, and it is a complex process due to the diverse nature of nursing practice. A holistic approach in assessment of competency is adv...

    Authors: Xi Vivien Wu, Karin Enskär, Lay Hoon Pua, Doreen Gek Noi Heng and Wenru Wang

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2016 16:248

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Communication skills and professionalism are two competencies in graduate medical education that are challenging to evaluate. We aimed to develop, test and validate a de novo instrument to evaluate these two comp...

    Authors: Abd Moain Abu Dabrh, Mohammad Hassan Murad, Richard D. Newcomb, William G. Buchta, Mark W. Steffen, Zhen Wang, Amanda K. Lovett and Lawrence W. Steinkraus

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2016 16:233

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Patient safety depends on effective teamwork. The similarity of team members’ mental models - or their shared understanding–regarding clinical tasks is likely to influence the effectiveness of teamwork. Mental...

    Authors: Ivana Nakarada-Kordic, Jennifer M. Weller, Craig S. Webster, David Cumin, Christopher Frampton, Matt Boyd and Alan F. Merry

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2016 16:229

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Attention to the role of context in shaping individuals’ coping strategies is necessary. This study used the Salutogenic Model (SM) as a framework to identify the coping strategies of oral health profession st...

    Authors: Karla Gambetta-Tessini, Rodrigo Mariño, Mike Morgan and Vivienne Anderson

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2016 16:224

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Teamwork training is an essential component of health professional student education. A valid and reliable teamwork self-assessment tool could assist students to identify desirable teamwork behaviours with the...

    Authors: Christopher J. Gordon, Christine Jorm, Boaz Shulruf, Jennifer Weller, Jane Currie, Renee Lim and Adam Osomanski

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2016 16:218

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Best practices for conflict-of-interest (COI) policies in medical schools have evolved rapidly over the past decade, in part motivated by the American Medical Student Association (AMSA) scorecard that has publ...

    Authors: Daniel J. Carlat, Teddy Fagrelius, Reshma Ramachandran, Joseph S. Ross and Sallyann Bergh

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2016 16:202

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Despite the recent widespread adoption of simulation in clinical education in physiotherapy, there is a lack of validated tools for assessment in this setting. The Assessment of Physiotherapy Practice (APP) is...

    Authors: Belinda K. Judd, Justin N. Scanlan, Jennifer A. Alison, Donna Waters and Christopher J. Gordon

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2016 16:196

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  43. Content type: Research article

    The validity of high-stakes decisions derived from assessment results is of primary concern to candidates and certifying institutions in the health professions. In the field of orthopaedic manual physical ther...

    Authors: Euson Yeung, Kulamakan Kulasagarem, Nicole Woods, Adam Dubrowski, Brian Hodges and Heather Carnahan

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2016 16:192

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  44. Content type: Research article

    The Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) is now a standard assessment format and while examiner training is seen as essential to assure quality, there appear to be no widely accepted measures of ex...

    Authors: Aidan Byrne, Tereza Soskova, Jayne Dawkins and Lee Coombes

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2016 16:191

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2017 Journal Metrics

  • Citation Impact
    1.511 - 2-year Impact Factor
    1.938 - 5-year Impact Factor
    1.169 - Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP)
    0.765 - SCImago Journal Rank (SJR)

    Usage 
    1,213,791 downloads

    Social Media Impact
    2240 mentions

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