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Assessment and evaluation of admissions, knowledge, skills and attitudes

Section edited by Tim Wilkinson and Danette McKinley


This section considers manuscripts that investigate issues in assessment and evaluation with a focus on medical school admissions and the assessment and evaluation of knowledge, skills, and attitudes in medical students.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    The General Medical Council (GMC) conducts Tests of Competence (ToC) for doctors referred for Fitness to Practise (FtP) issues. GPs take a single best answer knowledge test, an Objective Structured Clinical Ex...

    Authors: Hirosha Keshani Jayaweera, Henry W. W. Potts, Karim Keshwani, Chris Valerio, Magdalen Baker, Leila Mehdizadeh and Alison Sturrock

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2018 18:2

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Despite the highly selective admission processes utilised by medical schools, a significant cohort of medical students still face academic difficulties and are at a higher risk of delayed graduation or outrigh...

    Authors: Bunmi S. Malau-Aduli, Teresa O’Connor, Robin A. Ray, Yolanda van der Kruk, Michelle Bellingan and Peta-Ann Teague

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:266

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Medical Education 2018 18:73

  3. Content type: Research article

    Large scale models of interprofessional learning (IPL) where outcomes are assessed are rare within health professional curricula. To date, there is sparse research describing robust assessment strategies to su...

    Authors: Gillian Nisbet, Christine Jorm, Chris Roberts, Christopher J. Gordon and Timothy F. Chen

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:258

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Medical students are exposed to high amounts of stress. Stress and poor academic performance can become part of a vicious circle. In order to counteract this circularity, it seems important to better understan...

    Authors: Thomas Kötter, Josefin Wagner, Linda Brüheim and Edgar Voltmer

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:256

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Apart from skills, and knowledge, self-efficacy is an important factor in the students’ preparation for clinical work. The Physiotherapist Self-Efficacy (PSE) questionnaire was developed to measure physical th...

    Authors: Wim van Lankveld, Anne Jones, Jaap J. Brunnekreef, Joost P. H. Seeger and J. Bart Staal

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:250

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The validity of selection tests is underestimated if it is determined by simply calculating the predictor-outcome correlation found in the admitted group. This correlation is usually attenuated by two factors:...

    Authors: Stefan Zimmermann, Dietrich Klusmann and Wolfgang Hampe

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:246

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Currently, only one in three UK medical students undertake an intercalated degree. This has often been implicated as a result of financial obstacles or a lack of interest in research due to inadequate exposure...

    Authors: Shona E. Boyle, Seonaidh C. Cotton, Phyo Kyaw Myint and Georgina Louise Hold

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:245

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Medical students from ethnic minorities underperform in knowledge and skills assessments both in pre-clinical and clinical education compared to the ethnic majority group. Motivation, which influences learning...

    Authors: Ulviye Isik, Anouk Wouters, Marieke M. ter Wee, Gerda Croiset and Rashmi A. Kusurkar

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:233

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Modern healthcare institutions are continuously changing, and Self-Directed Learning (SDL) abilities are considered a prerequisite for both nursing students and nurses in order to be proactive about these dema...

    Authors: Lucia Cadorin, Valentina Bressan and Alvisa Palese

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:229

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The Motivational Interviewing target Scheme (MITS) is an instrument to assess competency in Motivational Interviewing (MI) and can be used to assess MI in long and brief consultations. In this qualitative stud...

    Authors: Riëtta Oberink, Saskia M. Boom, Nynke van Dijk and Mechteld R. M. Visser

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:224

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  11. Content type: Research article

    With an aging American population, the burden of neurologic disease is intensifying and the decline in neurology residents and practicing neurologists is leaving these patients helpless and unable to find care...

    Authors: Lisa Shiels, Pratish Majmundar, Aleksander Zywot, John Sobotka, Christine S. M. Lau and Tuula O. Jalonen

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:225

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Good clinical handover is critical to safe medical care. Little research has investigated handover in rural settings. In a remote setting where nurses and medical students give telephone handover to an aeromed...

    Authors: Malcolm Moore, Chris Roberts, Jonathan Newbury and Jim Crossley

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:213

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Volunteer patients (also known as patient partners (PPs)) play a vital role in undergraduate healthcare curricula. They frequently take part in objective structured clinical examinations (OSCE) and rate aspect...

    Authors: Fiona C. Thomson, Rhoda K. MacKenzie, Marie Anderson, Alan R. Denison and Graeme P. Currie

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:214

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Parents can assess residents’ non-technical skills (NTS) in pediatric emergency departments (EDs). There are no assessment tools, with validity evidence, for parental use in pediatric EDs. The purpose of this ...

    Authors: Katherine A. Moreau, Kaylee Eady, Kenneth Tang, Mona Jabbour, Jason R. Frank, Meaghan Campbell and Stanley J. Hamstra

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:210

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Self-directed learning (SDL) is expected of health science graduates; it is thus a learning outcome in many pre-certification programs. Previous research identified age, gender, discipline and prior education ...

    Authors: Craig E. Slater, Anne Cusick and Jimmy C. Y. Louie

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:207

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  16. Content type: Research article

    The physicians’ competency is an important public health issue around the world. Several international organizations have taken the lead in examining the competencies required to be a physician. The purpose of...

    Authors: Zhuang Liu, Yue Zhang, Lei Tian, Baozhi Sun, Qing Chang and Yuhong Zhao

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:208

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Progress testing is an assessment tool used to periodically assess all students at the end-of-curriculum level. Because students cannot know everything, it is important that they recognize their lack of knowle...

    Authors: Dario Cecilio-Fernandes, Harro Medema, Carlos Fernando Collares, Lambert Schuwirth, Janke Cohen-Schotanus and René A. Tio

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:192

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  18. Content type: Research article

    There is little evidence regarding the comparative quality of abstracts and articles in medical education research. The Medical Education Research Study Quality Instrument (MERSQI), which was developed to eval...

    Authors: Christopher R. Stephenson, Brianna E. Vaa, Amy T. Wang, Darrell R. Schroeder, Thomas J. Beckman, Darcy A. Reed and Adam P. Sawatsky

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:193

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Many medical schools use admissions Multiple Mini-Interviews (MMIs) rather than traditional interviews (TIs), partly because MMIs are thought to be more reliable. Yet prior studies examined single-school sampl...

    Authors: Anthony Jerant, Mark C. Henderson, Erin Griffin, Julie A. Rainwater, Theodore R. Hall, Carolyn J. Kelly, Ellena M. Peterson, David Wofsy and Peter Franks

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:190

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Medical students on clinical rotations have to be assessed on several competencies at the end of each clinical rotation, pointing to the need for short, reliable, and valid assessment instruments of each compe...

    Authors: Jean-Sébastien Renaud and Luc Côté

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:189

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Emotional intelligence (EI) has been linked with academic and professional success. Such data are scarce in Sri Lanka. This study was conducted to describe the pattern of EI, to determine its predictors and to...

    Authors: Chandrani Nirmala Wijekoon, Heshan Amaratunge, Yashica de Silva, Solith Senanayake, Pradeepa Jayawardane and Upul Senarath

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:176

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Although peer assessment has been used for evaluating performance of medical students and practicing doctors, it has not been studied as a method to distribute a common group work mark equitably to medical stu...

    Authors: Alex R Cook, Mikael Hartman, Nan Luo, Judy Sng, Ngan Phoon Fong, Wei Yen Lim, Mark I-Cheng Chen, Mee Lian Wong, Natarajan Rajaraman, Jeannette Jen-Mai Lee and Gerald Choon-Huat Koh

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:172

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Healthcare professionals’ person-centered communication skills are pivotal for successful group-based diabetes education. However, healthcare professionals are often insufficiently equipped to facilitate perso...

    Authors: Vibeke Stenov, Gitte Wind, Timothy Skinner, Susanne Reventlow and Nana Folmann Hempler

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:166

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Developing professionalism is a core task in medical education. Unfortunately, it has remained difficult for educators to identify medical students’ unprofessionalism, because, among other reasons, there are no c...

    Authors: Marianne Mak-van der Vossen, Walther van Mook, Stéphanie van der Burgt, Joyce Kors, Johannes C.F. Ket, Gerda Croiset and Rashmi Kusurkar

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:164

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Evaluation of the predictive validity of selected sociodemographic factors and admission criteria for Master’s studies in Public Health at the Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Warsaw (MUW).

    Authors: Mariusz Panczyk, Grzegorz Juszczyk, Aleksander Zarzeka, Łukasz Samoliński, Jarosława Belowska, Ilona Cieślak and Joanna Gotlib

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:157

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Items must be relevant to ensure item quality and test validity. Since “item relevance” has not been operationalized yet, we developed a rubric to define it. This study explores the influence of this rubric on...

    Authors: Xandra M. C. Janssen-Brandt, Arno M. M. Muijtjens and Dominique M. A. Sluijsmans

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:151

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  27. Content type: Research article

    During their clerkships, medical students are meant to expand their clinical reasoning skills during their patient encounters. Observation of these encounters could reveal important information on the students...

    Authors: Catharina M. Haring, Bernadette M. Cools, Petra J. M. van Gurp, Jos W. M. van der Meer and Cornelis T. Postma

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:147

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Competency-based education has been considered the most important pedagogical trend in Medicine in the last two decades. In clinical contexts, competencies are implemented through Entrustable Professional Acti...

    Authors: Alicia Hamui-Sutton, Ana María Monterrosas-Rojas, Armando Ortiz-Montalvo, Felipe Flores-Morones, Uri Torruco-García, Andrea Navarrete-Martínez and Araceli Arrioja-Guerrero

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:143

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The changing healthcare landscape requires physicians to develop new knowledge and skills such as high-value care, systems improvement, population health, and team-based care, which together may be referred to...

    Authors: Rachel D. Havyer, Suzanne M. Norby, Andrea N. Leep Hunderfund, Stephanie R. Starr, Tara R. Lang, Alexandra P. Wolanskyj and Darcy A. Reed

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:145

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  30. Content type: Research article

    A growing body of evidence suggests that healthcare practitioners who enhance how they express empathy can improve patient health, and reduce medico-legal risk. However we do not know how consistently healthca...

    Authors: J. Howick, L. Steinkopf, A. Ulyte, N. Roberts and K. Meissner

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:136

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The seven categories of the Stanford Faculty Development Program (SFDP) represent a framework for planning and assessing medical teaching. Nevertheless, so far there is no specific evaluation tool for large-gr...

    Authors: Tjark Müller, Diego Montano, Herbert Poinstingl, Katharina Dreiling, Sarah Schiekirka-Schwake, Sven Anders, Tobias Raupach and Nicole von Steinbüchel

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:137

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Mistreatment of medical students during medical education is a widespread concern. Studies have shown that medical students report the most mistreatment compared to students of other study programs and that th...

    Authors: Heidi Siller, Gloria Tauber, Nikola Komlenac and Margarethe Hochleitner

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:134

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Student perspectives of clinical preparedness have been studied in the literature, but the viewpoint of supervisors is limited. Hence, the aim was to examine the perspective of supervisors on the characteristi...

    Authors: Hasini Banneheke, Vishna Devi Nadarajah, Srinivasan Ramamurthy, Afshan Sumera, Sneha Ravindranath, Kamalan Jeevaratnam, Benny Efendie, Leela Chellamuthu, Purushotham Krishnappa and Ray Peterson

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:130

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The on-call responsibilities of a senior medicine resident (SMR) may include the admission transition of patient care on medical teaching teams (MTT), supervision of junior trainees, and ensuring patient safet...

    Authors: Noureen Huda, Lisa Faden and Mark Goldszmidt

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:121

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  35. Content type: Research article

    The Strength of Motivation for Medical School-Revised (SMMS-R) questionnaire measures students’ motivation for studying medicine. It includes three subscales: ‘willingness to sacrifice’, ‘readiness to start’, ...

    Authors: M. An, R. A. Kusurkar, L. Li, Y. Xiao, C. Zheng, J. Hu and M. Chen

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:116

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Particularly at the beginning of their studies, international medical students face a number of language-related, social and intercultural challenges. Thus, they perform poorer than their local counterparts in...

    Authors: D. Huhn, J. Lauter, D. Roesch Ely, E. Koch, A. Möltner, W. Herzog, F. Resch, S. C. Herpertz and C. Nikendei

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:111

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  37. Content type: Research article

    This prospective study from end of medical school through internship investigates the course and possible change of self- reported self-efficacy in communication skills compared with observers’ ratings of such...

    Authors: Tore Gude, Arnstein Finset, Tor Anvik, Anders Bærheim, Ole Bernt Fasmer, Hilde Grimstad and Per Vaglum

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:107

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Clinicians making decisions require the ability to self-monitor and evaluate their certainty of being correct while being mindful of the potential consequences of alternative actions. For clinical students, th...

    Authors: M.J. Tweed, S. Stein, T.J. Wilkinson, G. Purdie and J. Smith

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:106

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  39. Content type: Research article

    Robust and defensible clinical assessments attempt to minimise differences in student grades which are due to differences in examiner severity (stringency and leniency). Unfortunately there is little evidence ...

    Authors: Nancy Sturman, Remo Ostini, Wai Yee Wong, Jianzhen Zhang and Michael David

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:101

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Despite the fact that medical schools spend a considerable effort to rate clinical instructors, there is limited evidence regarding the effect of physical characteristics on instructor ratings. White coats hav...

    Authors: Malika Ladha, Aleem Bharwani, Kevin McLaughlin, Henry T. Stelfox and Adam Bass

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:93

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  41. Content type: Research article

    To reduce the incidence of hypoxic brain injuries among newborns a national cardiotocography (CTG) education program was implemented in Denmark. A multiple-choice question test was integrated as part of the pr...

    Authors: Line Thellesen, Thomas Bergholt, Morten Hedegaard, Nina Palmgren Colov, Karl Bang Christensen, Kristine Sylvan Andersen and Jette Led Sorensen

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:88

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Western medicine is an evidence-based science, whereas Chinese medicine is more of a healing art. To date, there has been no research that has examined whether students of Western and Chinese medicine differen...

    Authors: Chien-Da Huang, Kuo-Chen Liao, Fu-Tsai Chung, Hsu-Min Tseng, Ji-Tseng Fang, Shu-Chung Lii, Han-Pin Kuo, San-Jou Yeh and Shih-Tseng Lee

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:85

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Despite growing evidence of the benefits of including assessment for learning strategies within programmes of assessment, practical implementation of these approaches is often problematical. Organisational cul...

    Authors: Christopher J. Harrison, Karen D. Könings, Lambert W. T. Schuwirth, Valerie Wass and Cees P. M. van der Vleuten

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:73

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2017 Journal Metrics

  • Citation Impact
    1.511 - 2-year Impact Factor
    1.938 - 5-year Impact Factor
    1.169 - Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP)
    0.765 - SCImago Journal Rank (SJR)

    Usage 
    1,213,791 downloads

    Social Media Impact
    2240 mentions

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