Skip to content


Approaches to teaching and learning

Section edited by Sigrid Harendza and Terese Stenfors-Hayes

This section considers manuscripts that investigate approaches to medical education (i.e., how teachers teach and how students learn) from the perspective of both the teacher and the learner.

Page 3 of 11

  1. Content type: Research article

    Adequate estimation and communication of risks is a critical competence of physicians. Due to an evident lack of these competences, effective training addressing risk competence during medical education is nee...

    Authors: C. Spreckelsen and J. Juenger

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:177

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Research article

    An important aspect of virtual patients (VPs), which are interactive computer-based patient scenarios, is authenticity. This includes design aspects, but also how a VP collection represents a patient populatio...

    Authors: M. Urresti-Gundlach, D. Tolks, C. Kiessling, M. Wagner-Menghin, A. Härtl and I. Hege

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:174

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research article

    Use of podcasts has several advantages in medical education. Podcasts can be of different types based on their length: short (1–5 min), moderate (6–15 min) and long (>15 min) duration. Short-duration podcasts ...

    Authors: S.S. Prakash, N. Muthuraman and R. Anand

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:167

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study is to compare two different instructional methods in the curricular use of computerized virtual patients in undergraduate medical education. We aim to investigate whether using many...

    Authors: Fabian Schubach, Matthias Goos, Götz Fabry, Werner Vach and Martin Boeker

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:165

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Research article

    Screening and counseling for genetic conditions is an increasingly important part of primary care practice, particularly given the paucity of genetic counselors in the United States. However, primary care phys...

    Authors: Michael S. Wilkes, Frank C. Day, Tonya L. Fancher, Haley McDermott, Erik Lehman, Robert A. Bell and Michael J. Green

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:163

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Research article

    Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a long-term condition that affects between 1 and 5% of the general population and lies within the spectrum of medically unexplained symptoms (MUS). FMS can be difficult to diagno...

    Authors: V. Silverwood, C.A. Chew-Graham, I. Raybould, B. Thomas and S. Peters

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:160

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research article

    Outcome- or competency-based education is well established in medical and health sciences education. Curricula are based on courses where students develop their competences and assessment is also usually cours...

    Authors: Kristina Orban, Maria Ekelin, Gudrun Edgren, Olof Sandgren, Pia Hovbrandt and Eva K. Persson

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:158

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Research article

    Frameworks like the CanMEDS model depicting professional roles and specific professional activities provide guidelines for postgraduate education. When medical graduates start their residency, they should poss...

    Authors: Sophie Fürstenberg, Kristina Schick, Jana Deppermann, Sarah Prediger, Pascal O. Berberat, Martina Kadmon and Sigrid Harendza

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:154

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Research article

    Despite great advances, China’s postgraduate education faces many problems, for example traditional lecture-based learning (LBL) method provides fewer oppotunities to apply knowledge in a working situation. Ta...

    Authors: Yanping Tian, Chengren Li, Jiali Wang, Qiyan Cai, Hanzhi Wang, Xingshu Chen, Yunlai Liu, Feng Mei, Lan Xiao, Rui Jian and Hongli Li

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:153

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research article

    Distance Learning (DL) is a means to overcome the barriers that prevent health workers access to medical education and training sessions to update their knowledge. The main objective of this study is to compar...

    Authors: Lanto Barthelemy Rakototiana, Rajabo and Serge Gottot

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:152

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research article

    Video-based feedback has been shown to aid knowledge retention, skills learning and improve team functionality. We explored the use of video-based feedback and low fidelity simulation for training rural health...

    Authors: Zainab Oseni, Hla Hla Than, Edyta Kolakowska, Lauren Chalmers, Borimas Hanboonkunupakarn and Rose McGready

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:149

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research article

    Progress testing was introduced to the MBChB programme at the University of Auckland in 2013. As there has been a focus in published literature on aspects relating to the format or function of progress tests, ...

    Authors: Jill Yielder, Andy Wearn, Yan Chen, Marcus A. Henning, Jennifer Weller, Steven Lillis, Vernon Mogol and Warwick Bagg

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:148

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research article

    The serious consequences of inaccurate diagnosis of acute otitis media have led to a call for greater education to develop proficient pediatric otoscopy skills. Despite the clinical and educational needs, peer...

    Authors: Caroline R. Paul, Craig L. Gjerde, Gwen McIntosh and Lori S. Weber

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:146

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research article

    Little is known about how best to implement portfolio-based learning in medical school. We evaluated the introduction of a formative e-portfolio-based supervision pilot for final year medical students by seeki...

    Authors: Gillian H. S. Vance, Bryan Burford, Ethan Shapiro and Richard Price

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:141

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Research article

    Sufficient preparedness is important for transitions to workplace participation and learning in clinical settings. This study aims to analyse medical students’ preparedness for early clerkships using a three-d...

    Authors: Josefin Bosch, Asja Maaz, Tanja Hitzblech, Ylva Holzhausen and Harm Peters

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:140

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Research article

    Using simulated learning environments with standardised patients (SPs) provides a way to scaffold the development of skills for patient safety in a low risk environment. There are no data regarding whether add...

    Authors: Anna C. Phillips, Shylie F. Mackintosh, Alison Bell and Kylie N. Johnston

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:133

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research article

    Students commencing their medical training arrive with different educational backgrounds and a diverse range of learning experiences. Consequently, students would have developed preferred approaches to acquiri...

    Authors: Daniel Hernández-Torrano, Syed Ali and Chee-Kai Chan

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:131

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research article

    A growing number of patients require overview and management in both primary and secondary care. This situation requires that primary and secondary care professionals have well developed collaborative skills. ...

    Authors: Marijn Janssen, Margaretha H. Sagasser, Elisabeth A. M. Laro, Jacqueline de Graaf and Nynke D. Scherpbier-de Haan

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:125

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Research article

    The institution of duty hour reforms by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education in 2003 has created a learning environment where residents are consistently looking for input from attending phy...

    Authors: Kristen A. Gerjevic, Marcy E. Rosenbaum and Manish Suneja

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:124

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Research article

    Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a major cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. In Tanzania, PPH causes 25% of maternal deaths. Skilled attendance is crucial to saving the lives of mothers and their newborns...

    Authors: Signe Egenberg, Bjørg Karlsen, Deodatus Massay, Happiness Kimaro and Lars Edvin Bru

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:119

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Research article

    The aim of mentorship is to build the mentees capacity, enhance their skills and improve their ability to produce desired outcomes. However, the mentoring relationship is vulnerable to a number of challenges t...

    Authors: Andrew S. Ssemata, Sophia Gladding, Chandy C. John and Sarah Kiguli

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:123

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Research article

    The effectiveness of colonoscopy for diagnosing and preventing colon cancer is largely dependent on the ability of endoscopists to fully inspect the colonic mucosa, which they achieve primarily through skilled...

    Authors: Christine M. Zupanc, Guy M. Wallis, Andrew Hill, Robin Burgess-Limerick, Stephan Riek, Annaliese M. Plooy, Mark S. Horswill, Marcus O. Watson, Hans de Visser, David Conlan and David G. Hewett

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:118

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Research article

    E-learning—the use of Internet technologies to enhance knowledge and performance—has become a widely accepted instructional approach. Little is known about the current use of e-learning in postgraduate medical...

    Authors: Christopher M. Wittich, Anoop Agrawal, David A. Cook, Andrew J. Halvorsen, Jayawant N. Mandrekar, Saima Chaudhry, Denise M. Dupras, Amy S. Oxentenko and Thomas J. Beckman

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:114

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Research article

    Self-regulated learning is the individual’s ability to effectively use various strategies to reach their learning goals. We conducted this scoping review to explore what has been found regarding self-regulated...

    Authors: Kenneth K. Cho, Brahm Marjadi, Vicki Langendyk and Wendy Hu

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:112

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Research article

    The death of a simulated patient is controversial. Some educators feel that having a manikin die is prejudicial to learning; others feel it is a way of better preparing students for these situations. Perceived...

    Authors: Anne Weiss, Morgan Jaffrelot, Jean-Claude Bartier, Thierry Pottecher, Isabelle Borraccia, Gilles Mahoudeau, Eric Noll, Véronique Brunstein, Chloé Delacour and Thierry Pelaccia

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:109

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Research article

    The development and demonstration of incremental trainee autonomy is required by the ACGME. However, there is scant published research concerning autonomy of ophthalmology residents in the outpatient clinic se...

    Authors: Eric L. Singman, Divya Srikumaran, Laura Green, Jing Tian and Peter McDonnell

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:105

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Research article

    Cross-year peer tutoring (CYPT) of medical students is recognized as an effective learning tool. The aim of this study is to investigate the non-inferiority of the objective outcome of medical interview traini...

    Authors: Osamu Nomura, Hirotaka Onishi and Hiroyuki Kato

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:103

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Medical Education 2017 17:187

  28. Content type: Research article

    Clinical decision making in oncology is based on both inter- and multidisciplinary approach. Hence teaching future doctors involved in oncology or general health practice is crucial. The aim of the Vienna Summ...

    Authors: Carola Lütgendorf-Caucig, Philipp A. Kaiser, Alexandra Machacek, Cora Waldstein, Richard Pötter and Henriette Löffler-Stastka

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:100

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Research article

    Evaluating the quality of postgraduate medical education (PGME) programs through accreditation is common practice worldwide. Accreditation is shaped by educational quality and quality management. An appropriat...

    Authors: Nesibe Akdemir, Kiki M. J. M. H. Lombarts, Emma Paternotte, Bas Schreuder and Fedde Scheele

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:98

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Research article

    Teaching cardiac ultrasound to medical students in a brief course is a challenge. We aimed to evaluate the feasibility of teaching large groups of medical students the acquisition and interpretation of cardiac...

    Authors: Sergio L. Kobal, Yotam Lior, Alon Ben-Sasson, Noah Liel-Cohen, Ori Galante and Lior Fuchs

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:94

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Research article

    Teaching clinical audit skills to nascent health professionals is one strategy to improve frontline care. The undergraduate medical curriculum at the University of Auckland provides improvement science theory ...

    Authors: Bridget Kool, Michelle R. Wise, Roshini Peiris-John, Lynn Sadler, Faith Mahony and Susan Wells

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:91

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research article

    Vodcasts (video podcasts) are becoming increasingly popular in medical education. At A.T. Still University School of Osteopathic Medicine in Arizona (ATSU SOMA), vodcasts are an essential component of our blen...

    Authors: Robin K. Pettit, Marjorie Kinney and Lise McCoy

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:89

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Research article

    Treating patients is complex, and research shows that there are differences in cognitive resources between physicians who experience difficulties, and those who do not. It is possible that differences in some ...

    Authors: Fiona Patterson, Fran Cousans, Iain Coyne, Jo Jones, Sheona Macleod and Lara Zibarras

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:87

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Research article

    Being exposed to good teachers has been shown to enhance students’ knowledge and their clinical performance, but little is known about the underlying psychological mechanisms that provide the basis for being a...

    Authors: Christoph Dybowski, Susanne Sehner and Sigrid Harendza

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:84

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research article

    Teaching Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) is becoming a priority in the healthcare process. For undergraduates, it has been proved that integrating multiple strategies in teaching EBM yields better results than a...

    Authors: Ammar Sabouni, Yamama Bdaiwi, Saad L. Janoudi, Lubaba O. Namous, Tarek Turk, Mahmoud Alkhatib, Fatima Abbas and Ruba Zuhri Yafi

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:82

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Research article

    To identify facilitators and barriers that residents, medical and nursing students perceive in their Interprofessional Education (IPE) in a clinical setting with other healthcare students.

    Authors: Cora L.F. Visser, Johannes C.F. Ket, Gerda Croiset and Rashmi A. Kusurkar

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:77

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Research article

    Midwifery education in Norway has undergone radical reforms in the past few decades. In 2004, the compulsory year of paid internship was removed from the requirement to become an authorised midwife. Since then...

    Authors: Mirjam Lukasse, Anne Marie Lilleengen, Anne Margrethe Fylkesnes and Lena Henriksen

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:80

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Research article

    Physicians in both Western and Eastern countries are being confronted by changes in health care delivery systems and medical professionalism values. The traditional concept of “In-Sul” (benevolent art) and the...

    Authors: So-Youn Park, Changwoo Shon, Oh Young Kwon, Tai Young Yoon and Ivo Kwon

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:79

    Published on:

  39. Content type: Research article

    Communication skills are essential in a patient-centred health service and therefore in medical teaching. Although significant differences in communication behaviour of male and female students are known, gend...

    Authors: Joachim Graf, Robert Smolka, Elisabeth Simoes, Stephan Zipfel, Florian Junne, Friederike Holderried, Annette Wosnik, Anne M. Doherty, Karina Menzel and Anne Herrmann-Werner

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:75

    Published on:

  40. Content type: Research article

    Learning outcomes may be a result of several factors including the learning environment, students’ predispositions, study efforts, cultural factors and approaches towards studying. This study examined the infl...

    Authors: Tore Bonsaksen, Ted Brown, Hua Beng Lim and Kenneth Fong

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:76

    Published on:

  41. Content type: Debate

    Several research areas, including medical education (ME), focus on empathy as an important topic in interpersonal relationships. This focus is central to the use of communication skills related to empathy and ...

    Authors: Henriette Löffler-Stastka, Felicitas Datz, Karoline Parth, Ingrid Preusche, Xenia Bukowski and Charles Seidman

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:74

    Published on:

  42. Content type: Research article

    Audience response devices, or “clickers”, have been used in the education of future healthcare professionals for several years with varying success. They have been reported to improve the learning experience b...

    Authors: Niall T. Stevens, Hélène McDermott, Fiona Boland, Teresa Pawlikowska and Hilary Humphreys

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:70

    Published on:

  43. Content type: Research article

    Various feedback characteristics have been suggested to positively influence student learning. It is not clear how these feedback characteristics contribute to students’ perceived learning value of feedback in...

    Authors: Yoyo Suhoyo, Elisabeth A. Van Hell, Wouter Kerdijk, Ova Emilia, Johanna Schönrock-Adema, Jan B. M. Kuks and Janke Cohen-Schotanus

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:69

    Published on:

  44. Content type: Research article

    There is a need to develop effective educational experience in neurology to improve the students’ skills in diagnosing and managing patients with neurological symptoms or disease. The aim of this study was to ...

    Authors: Hanna Ansakorpi, Marja-Liisa Sumelahti and Raimo Kaasila

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:68

    Published on:

  45. Content type: Research article

    Ensuring that all medical students achieve adequate clinical skills remains a challenge, yet the correct performance of clinical skills is critical for all fields of medicine. This study analyzes the influence...

    Authors: Sebastian H. Hoefer, Jasmina Sterz, Bernd Bender, Maria-Christina Stefanescu, Marius Theis, Felix Walcher, Robert Sader and Miriam Ruesseler

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:65

    Published on:

  46. Content type: Research article

    Electronic medical records (EMR) are more used in university hospitals, but the use of EMR by medical students at the workplace is still a challenge, because the conflict of interest between medical accountabi...

    Authors: Ivan Solarte and Karen D. Könings

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:55

    Published on:

  47. Content type: Research article

    Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common human birth defect, and clinicians need to understand the anatomy to effectively care for patients with CHD. However, standard two-dimensional (2D) display met...

    Authors: Yue-Hin Loke, Ashraf S. Harahsheh, Axel Krieger and Laura J. Olivieri

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:54

    Published on:

2017 Journal Metrics

  • Citation Impact
    1.511 - 2-year Impact Factor
    1.938 - 5-year Impact Factor
    1.169 - Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP)
    0.765 - SCImago Journal Rank (SJR)


    Social Media Impact
    2240 mentions