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Approaches to teaching and learning

Section edited by Sigrid Harendza and Terese Stenfors-Hayes

This section considers manuscripts that investigate approaches to medical education (i.e., how teachers teach and how students learn) from the perspective of both the teacher and the learner.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Collaborative learning facilitates reflection, diversifies understanding and stimulates skills of critical and higher-order thinking. Although the benefits of collaborative learning have long been recognized, ...

    Authors: Mohammed Saqr, Uno Fors and Matti Tedre

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2018 18:24

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  2. Content type: Research article

    In postgraduate training, there is a need to continuously assess the learning and working conditions to optimize learning. Students or trainees respond to the learning climate as they perceive it. The Dutch Re...

    Authors: Jaime L. Pacifico, Cees P. M. van der Vleuten, Arno M. M. Muijtjens, Erlyn A. Sana and Sylvia Heeneman

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2018 18:22

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Patient-centered care has been one of the most frequently discussed principles in medical practice. However, there is a serious concern that the patient-centered attitudes of physicians diminish over the cours...

    Authors: Hirono Ishikawa, Daisuke Son, Masato Eto, Kiyoshi Kitamura and Takahiro Kiuchi

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2018 18:20

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  4. Content type: Research article

    By identifying medical students’ learning approaches and the factors that influence students’ learning approaches, medical schools and health care institutions are better equipped to intervene and optimize the...

    Authors: Sonali Prashant Chonkar, Tam Cam Ha, Sarah Shan Hang Chu, Ada Xinhui Ng, Melissa Li Shan Lim, Tat Xin Ee, Mor Jack Ng and Kok Hian Tan

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2018 18:17

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Educational environment is a strong determinant of student satisfaction and achievement. The learning environments of medical students on clinical placements are busy workplaces, composed of many variables. Th...

    Authors: Sarah Hyde, Ailish Hannigan, Tim Dornan and Deirdre McGrath

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2018 18:7

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Emergency departments (EDs) offer a variety of learning opportunities for undergraduate medical students. It is however, difficult to evaluate whether they are receiving recommended training during their emerg...

    Authors: Sami Shaban, Arif Alper Cevik, Mustafa Emin Canakci, Caglar Kuas, Margret El Zubeir and Fikri Abu-Zidan

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2018 18:8

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Perception of pressure to conform prevents learners from actively participating in educational encounters. We expected that residents would report experiencing different amounts of pressure to conform in a var...

    Authors: Jan Grendar, Tanya Beran and Elizabeth Oddone-Paolucci

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2018 18:4

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Medical students may not be able to identify the essential elements of situational awareness (SA) necessary for clinical reasoning. Recent studies suggest that students have little insight into cognitive proce...

    Authors: Markus A. Fischer, Kieran M. Kennedy, Steven Durning, Marlies P. Schijven, Jean Ker, Paul O’Connor, Eva Doherty and Thomas J. B. Kropmans

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:262

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Despite guidelines and campaigns to change prescribing behavior, General Practitioners (GPs) continue to overprescribe benzodiazepines (BZDs). New approaches to improve prescribing are needed. Using behavior c...

    Authors: Hanne Creupelandt, Sibyl Anthierens, Hilde Habraken, Tom Declercq, Coral Sirdifield, Aloysius Niroshan Siriwardena and Thierry Christiaens

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:259

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Medical Schools are challenged to improve palliative care education and to find ways to introduce and nurture attitudes and behaviours such as empathy, patient-centred care and wholistic care. This paper descr...

    Authors: Carlos Centeno, Carole Robinson, Antonio Noguera-Tejedor, María Arantzamendi, Fernando Echarri and José Pereira

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:257

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  11. Content type: Research article

    In an integrated curriculum, multiple instructors take part in a course in the form of team teaching. Accordingly, medical schools strive to manage each course run by numerous instructors. As part of the curri...

    Authors: Jung Eun Hwang, Na Jin Kim, Meiying Song, Yinji Cui, Eun Ju Kim, In Ae Park, Hye In Lee, Hye Jin Gong and Su Young Kim

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:252

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Medical simulators offer an invaluable educational resource for medical trainees. However, owing to cost and portability restrictions, they have traditionally been limited to simulation centres. With the adven...

    Authors: Richard D. Bartlett, Dina Radenkovic, Stefan Mitrasinovic, Andrew Cole, Iva Pavkovic, Peyton Cheong Phey Denn, Mahrukh Hussain, Magdalena Kogler, Natalia Koutsopodioti, Wasima Uddin, Ivan Beckley, Hana Abubakar, Deborah Gill and Daron Smith

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:247

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Internationally, medical schools have long used a variety of approaches to develop hybrid Problem based learning (PBL) curricula. However, Team-based learning (TBL), has gained recent popularity in medical edu...

    Authors: Annette Burgess, Jane Bleasel, Inam Haq, Chris Roberts, Roger Garsia, Tomas Robertson and Craig Mellis

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:243

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The need for developing healthcare professional students’ peer teaching skills is widely acknowledged, and a number of discipline-based peer teacher training programs have been previously reported. However, a ...

    Authors: Annette Burgess, Chris Roberts, Christie van Diggele and Craig Mellis

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:239

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Health profession learners can foster clinical reasoning by studying worked examples presenting fully worked out solutions to a clinical problem. It is possible to improve the learning effect of these worked e...

    Authors: Katherine Montpetit-Tourangeau, Joseph-Omer Dyer, Anne Hudon, Monica Windsor, Bernard Charlin, Sílvia Mamede and Tamara van Gog

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:238

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Exposure to a representative case mix is essential for clinical learning, with logbooks established as a way of demonstrating patient contacts. Few studies have reported the paediatric case mix available to ge...

    Authors: Helen M. Wright, Moira A. L. Maley, Denese E. Playford, Pam Nicol and Sharon F. Evans

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:237

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  17. Content type: Research article

    South African (SA) paediatric interns (recently qualified medical graduates) work in a high disease burdened and resource deficient environment for two years, prior to independent practice. Perceptions of this...

    Authors: Kimesh L. Naidoo, Jacqueline M. Van Wyk and Miriam Adhikari

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:235

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  18. Content type: Research article

    A key challenge clinicians face when considering differential diagnoses is whether the patient data have been adequately collected. Insufficient data may inadvertently lead to premature closure of the diagnost...

    Authors: Keng Sheng Chew, Jeroen J. G. van Merrienboer and Steven J. Durning

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:234

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Physical examination (PE) is an essential clinical skill and a central part of a physician’s daily activity. Teaching of PE has been integrated into medical school by many clinical disciplines with respective ...

    Authors: Dirk Moßhammer, Joachim Graf, Stefanie Joos and Rebekka Hertkorn

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:230

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Online training is growing in popularity and yet its effectiveness for training licensed health professionals (HCPs) in clinical interventions is not clear. We aimed to systematically review the literature on ...

    Authors: Helen Richmond, Bethan Copsey, Amanda M. Hall, David Davies and Sarah E. Lamb

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:227

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Interprofessional learning is gaining momentum in revolutionizing healthcare education. During the academic year 2015/16, seven undergraduate-entry health and social care programs from two universities in Hong...

    Authors: Lap Ki Chan, Fraide Ganotice Jr, Frances Kam Yuet Wong, Chak Sing Lau, Susan M. Bridges, Celia Hoi Yan Chan, Namkiu Chan, Phoebe Wing Lam Chan, Hai Yong Chen, Julie Yun Chen, Jody Kwok Pui Chu, Charlene C. Ho, Jacqueline Mei Chi Ho, Tai Pong Lam, Veronica Suk Fun Lam, Qingyun Li…

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:221

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  22. Content type: Research article

    This study combined themes in cardiovascular modelling, clinical cardiology and e-learning to create an on-line environment that would assist undergraduate medical students in understanding key physiological a...

    Authors: David Roy Warriner, Martin Bayley, Yubing Shi, Patricia Victoria Lawford, Andrew Narracott and John Fenner

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:220

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Clinical experience is an essential component of nursing education since it provides students with the opportunity to construct and develop clinical competencies. Instructor caring is a pivotal facilitator at ...

    Authors: C. Arrigoni, M. Puci, A. M. Grugnetti, L. Collivasone, E. Fenizia, P. Borrelli, E. Vellone, R. Alvaro, M. Piredda and M. G. De Marinis

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:218

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Metaphors in communication can serve to convey individuals’ backgrounds, contexts, experiences, and worldviews. Metaphors used in a health care setting can help achieve consensual communication in professional...

    Authors: Isabel Álvarez, Laia Selva, José Luis Medina and Salvador Sáez

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:216

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  25. Content type: Research article

    How medical residents’ experiences with care for dying patients affect their emotional well-being, their learning outcomes, and the formation of their professional identities is not fully understood. We examin...

    Authors: Kazuko Arai, Takuya Saiki, Rintaro Imafuku, Chihiro Kawakami, Kazuhiko Fujisaki and Yasuyuki Suzuki

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:205

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Comfort with ambiguity, mostly associated with the acceptance of multiple meanings, is a core characteristic of successful clinicians. Yet past studies indicate that medical students and junior physicians feel...

    Authors: Miriam Ethel Bentwich and Peter Gilbey

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:200

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Medical Education 2017 17:263

  27. Content type: Research article

    Medical curricula are increasingly using small group learning and less didactic lecture-based teaching. This creates new challenges and opportunities in how students are best supported with information technol...

    Authors: Duncan Cole, Emma Rengasamy, Shafqat Batchelor, Charles Pope, Stephen Riley and Anne Marie Cunningham

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:201

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Since the introduction of the e-learning electrocardiogram (ECG) course ‘ECG Online’ into the curriculum at the University of Ulm, a small but relatively constant number of students have decided not to partici...

    Authors: Oliver Keis, Claudia Grab, Achim Schneider and Wolfgang Öchsner

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:194

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Increasingly, medical students are trained at sites away from the tertiary academic health centre. A growing body of literature identifies the benefits of decentralised clinical training for students, the heal...

    Authors: Marietjie de Villiers, Susan van Schalkwyk, Julia Blitz, Ian Couper, Kalavani Moodley, Zohray Talib and Taryn Young

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:196

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Although blended learning has the potential to enhance the student experience, both in terms of engagement and flexibility, it can be difficult to effectively restructure existing courses. To achieve these goa...

    Authors: Cristan Herbert, Gary M. Velan, Wendy M. Pryor and Rakesh K. Kumar

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:197

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Diagnostic errors occur frequently in daily clinical practice and put patients’ safety at risk. There is an urgent need to improve education on clinical reasoning to reduce diagnostic errors. However, little i...

    Authors: Leah T. Braun, Laura Zwaan, Jan Kiesewetter, Martin R. Fischer and Ralf Schmidmaier

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:191

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Quality of supervision is a major predictor for successful PhD projects. A survey showed that almost all PhD students in the Health Sciences in Denmark indicated that good supervision was important for the com...

    Authors: Rie Raffing, Thor Bern Jensen and Hanne Tønnesen

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:188

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  33. Content type: Research article

    E-learning involves delivery of education through Information and Communication Technology (ITC) using a wide variety of instructional designs, including synchronous and asynchronous formats. It can be as effe...

    Authors: Sharon Lawn, Xiaojuan Zhi and Andrea Morello

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:183

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  34. Content type: Research article

    A hospital with all its brimming activity constitutes a unique learning environment for medical students. However, to organise high-quality education within this context is a task of great complexity. This pap...

    Authors: Anna Kiessling, Martin Roll and Peter Henriksson

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:185

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Clinical teachers in medical schools are faced with the challenging task of delivering high-quality patient care, producing high-impact research and contributing to undergraduate medical education all at the s...

    Authors: S. Schiekirka-Schwake, S. Anders, N. von Steinbüchel, J. C. Becker and T. Raupach

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:178

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  36. Content type: Research article

    Adequate estimation and communication of risks is a critical competence of physicians. Due to an evident lack of these competences, effective training addressing risk competence during medical education is nee...

    Authors: C. Spreckelsen and J. Juenger

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:177

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  37. Content type: Research article

    An important aspect of virtual patients (VPs), which are interactive computer-based patient scenarios, is authenticity. This includes design aspects, but also how a VP collection represents a patient populatio...

    Authors: M. Urresti-Gundlach, D. Tolks, C. Kiessling, M. Wagner-Menghin, A. Härtl and I. Hege

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:174

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Use of podcasts has several advantages in medical education. Podcasts can be of different types based on their length: short (1–5 min), moderate (6–15 min) and long (>15 min) duration. Short-duration podcasts ...

    Authors: S.S. Prakash, N. Muthuraman and R. Anand

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:167

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  39. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study is to compare two different instructional methods in the curricular use of computerized virtual patients in undergraduate medical education. We aim to investigate whether using many...

    Authors: Fabian Schubach, Matthias Goos, Götz Fabry, Werner Vach and Martin Boeker

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:165

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Screening and counseling for genetic conditions is an increasingly important part of primary care practice, particularly given the paucity of genetic counselors in the United States. However, primary care phys...

    Authors: Michael S. Wilkes, Frank C. Day, Tonya L. Fancher, Haley McDermott, Erik Lehman, Robert A. Bell and Michael J. Green

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:163

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a long-term condition that affects between 1 and 5% of the general population and lies within the spectrum of medically unexplained symptoms (MUS). FMS can be difficult to diagno...

    Authors: V. Silverwood, C.A. Chew-Graham, I. Raybould, B. Thomas and S. Peters

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:160

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Outcome- or competency-based education is well established in medical and health sciences education. Curricula are based on courses where students develop their competences and assessment is also usually cours...

    Authors: Kristina Orban, Maria Ekelin, Gudrun Edgren, Olof Sandgren, Pia Hovbrandt and Eva K. Persson

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:158

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Frameworks like the CanMEDS model depicting professional roles and specific professional activities provide guidelines for postgraduate education. When medical graduates start their residency, they should poss...

    Authors: Sophie Fürstenberg, Kristina Schick, Jana Deppermann, Sarah Prediger, Pascal O. Berberat, Martina Kadmon and Sigrid Harendza

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:154

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Despite great advances, China’s postgraduate education faces many problems, for example traditional lecture-based learning (LBL) method provides fewer oppotunities to apply knowledge in a working situation. Ta...

    Authors: Yanping Tian, Chengren Li, Jiali Wang, Qiyan Cai, Hanzhi Wang, Xingshu Chen, Yunlai Liu, Feng Mei, Lan Xiao, Rui Jian and Hongli Li

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2017 17:153

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2017 Journal Metrics

  • Citation Impact
    1.511 - 2-year Impact Factor
    1.938 - 5-year Impact Factor
    1.169 - Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP)
    0.765 - SCImago Journal Rank (SJR)

    Usage 
    1,213,791 downloads

    Social Media Impact
    2240 mentions

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