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Approaches to teaching and learning

Section edited by Sigrid Harendza and Terese Stenfors-Hayes

This section considers manuscripts that investigate approaches to medical education (i.e., how teachers teach and how students learn) from the perspective of both the teacher and the learner.

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  1. Primary care providers assume responsibility for patients with increasingly complex problems requiring interprofessional collaboration. Introducing interprofessional education in healthcare curricula prepares ...

    Authors: Lene Lunde, Anne Moen, Rune B. Jakobsen, Elin O. Rosvold and Anja M. Brænd

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:416

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Standardised assessment is key to structured surgical training. Currently, there is no consensus on which surgical assessment tool to use in live gynaecologic surgery. The purpose of this review is to identify...

    Authors: Louise Inkeri Hennings, Jette Led Sørensen, Jane Hybscmann and Jeanett Strandbygaard

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:402

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  3. Advocacy is a core component of medical professionalism. It is unclear how educators can best prepare trainees for this professional obligation. We sought to assess medical students’ attitudes toward advocacy,...

    Authors: Susan Chimonas, Maha Mamoor, Anna Kaltenboeck and Deborah Korenstein

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:399

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. Reflective writing provides an opportunity for health professionals and students to learn from their mistakes, successes, anxieties, and worries that otherwise would remain disjointed and worthless. This syste...

    Authors: Giovanna Artioli, Laura Deiana, Francesco De Vincenzo, Margherita Raucci, Giovanna Amaducci, Maria Chiara Bassi, Silvia Di Leo, Mark Hayter and Luca Ghirotto

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:394

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  5. Despite its long-established importance, diagnostic reasoning (DR) education has suffered uneven implementation in medical education. The Clinical Problem Solvers (CPSolvers) podcast has emerged as a novel strate...

    Authors: Gregory M. Ow, Lindsey C. Shipley, Saman Nematollahi and Geoffrey V. Stetson

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:392

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. New medical graduates are significantly unprepared to manage acutely unwell patients due to limited first-hand clinical exposure in the undergraduate curriculum. Supporting undergraduate learning in the acute ...

    Authors: Charlotte Hayden, Jedd Raidan, Jonathan Rees and Abhishek Oswal

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:383

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. Cardiac auscultation remains an efficient and accessible diagnostic tool, especially in resource-limited countries where modern diagnostic devices like cardiac ultrasound are expensive and difficult to access....

    Authors: Fred-Cyrille Goethe Doualla, Georges Bediang and Chris Nganou-Gnindjio

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:380

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  8. Group processes in inter-professional Problem-Based Learning (iPBL) groups have not yet been studied in the health-care educational context. In this paper we present findings on how group-dynamics, collaborati...

    Authors: Eva Hammar Chiriac, Endre Sjøvold and Alexandra Björnstjerna Hjelm

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:379

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. In High-income countries, many academic institutions are using E-learning during COVID 19 Pandemic. However, in limited-resource countries, like Sudan, shifting towards E-learning requires many adjustments to ...

    Authors: Mohamed Daffalla-Awadalla Gismalla, Mohamed Soud Mohamed, Omaima Salah O Ibrahim, Moawia Mohammed Ali Elhassan and Mohamed NaserEldeen Mohamed

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:377

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  10. Dyad learning has been shown to be an effective tool for teaching procedural skills, but little is known about how dyad learning may impact the stress, anxiety, and cognitive load that a student experiences wh...

    Authors: Eduardo F. Abbott, Torrey A. Laack, Lauren K. Licatino, Christina M. Wood-Wentz, Paul A. Warner, Laurence C. Torsher, James S. Newman and Katie M. Rieck

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:367

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. Dental students have encountered changes in the teaching format amid the SARS CoV-2 pandemic. This study aims to evaluate the attitudes of dental students of one medical university toward online courses and co...

    Authors: Hsin-Chung Cheng, Sao-Lun Lu, Yu-Chun Yen, Pallop Siewchaisakul, Amy Ming-Fang Yen and Sam Li-Sheng Chen

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:364

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. Guided self-study (G-SS) can be used as a self-directed learning method or self-determined learning that fosters changes in knowledge and skills in a higher physiotherapy education setting. Until now, there ha...

    Authors: Slavko Rogan, Jan Taeymans, Stefan Zuber and Evert Zinzen

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:362

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  13. Adaptive training is an approach in which training variables change with the needs and traits of individual trainees. It has potential to mitigate the effect of personality traits such as impulsiveness on surg...

    Authors: Bas Kengen, Wouter M. IJgosse, Harry van Goor and Jan-Maarten Luursema

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:361

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. Inverted classroom approaches and the use of vignettes have been suggested in health care education. The objective of this study was to use an educational vignette to discuss issues of stigma around substance ...

    Authors: Mario Brondani, Rana Alan and Leeann Donnelly

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:360

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. Although the value of DACA medical students has been hypothesized, no data are available on their contribution to US healthcare. While the exact number of DACA recipients in medical school is unknown, DACA med...

    Authors: Christina Gillezeau, Wil Lieberman-Cribbin, Kristin Bevilacqua, Julio Ramos, Naomi Alpert, Raja Flores, Rebecca M. Schwartz and Emanuela Taioli

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:358

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  16. Global health education (GHE) in Italy has spread since the first decade of 21st century. The presence of global health (GH) courses in Italy was monitored from 2007 to 2013. In 2019, a new survey was proposed...

    Authors: Giulia Civitelli, Gianfranco Tarsitani, Veronica Censi, Alessandro Rinaldi and Maurizio Marceca

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:355

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has boosted medical students’ vulnerability to various problems. Given the stressful nature of medical disciplines, considerable attention must be paid to stude...

    Authors: Ali Ardekani, Seyed Ali Hosseini, Parinaz Tabari, Zahra Rahimian, Afrooz Feili, Mitra Amini and Arash Mani

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:352

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. Analyzing the previous research literature in the field of clinical teaching has potential to show the trend and future direction of this field. This study aimed to visualize the co-authorship networks and sci...

    Authors: Hakimeh Hazrati, Shoaleh Bigdeli, Seyed Kamran Soltani Arabshahi, Vahideh Zarea Gavgani and Nafiseh Vahed

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:349

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  19. New approaches to e-learning and the use of virtual reality technology and serious game in medical education are on the rise. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of lecture me...

    Authors: Meysam Siyah Mansoory, Mohammad Rasool Khazaei, Seyyed Mohsen Azizi and Elham Niromand

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:347

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. Communication is pivotal to the effective care and treatment of patients in our health care systems. Despite this understanding, clinicians are not sufficiently educated to confidently conduct complex discussi...

    Authors: Edward Stephens, Leeroy William, Lyn-Li Lim, Judy Allen, Bernadette Zappa, Evan Newnham and Kitty Vivekananda

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:343

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. In the French West-Indies, few studies have been performed on fertility and sexual problems in cancer survivors, which are frequent and recurring issues reported by surveys on unmet needs. Additionally, mutual...

    Authors: Thierry Almont, Louis Bujan, Clarisse Joachim, Guillaume Joguet, Mylène Vestris, Rémi Houpert, Rodolfo Enriquez Rodriguez, Jaylin Carmenate, Beatriz Gutierrez, Yaima Galán, Line Kleinebreil, Christian Mésenge, Éric Huyghe and Jacqueline Véronique-Baudin

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:337

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  22. Teaching is an important professional skill for physicians and providing feedback is an important part of teaching. Medical students can practice their feedback skills by giving each other peer feedback. There...

    Authors: Floris M. van Blankenstein, John F. O’Sullivan, Nadira Saab and Paul Steendijk

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:332

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. As senior medical students who have had the privilege of undergoing early year clinical workplace experience, we believe that this opportunity medical students have through experiencing the ‘frontline’ could b...

    Authors: George Chukwuemeka Oyekwe, Muhammed Aizaz us Salam, Sami Ahmad Ghani and Bilal Iyad Abedalaziz Alriyahi

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:329

    Content type: Correspondence

    Published on:

  24. Wire-bending skills is commonly taught through live demonstrations (LD) though flipped classroom (FC) method has gained popularity. Continuous formative assessment promotes personalised learning via closely mo...

    Authors: Saritha Sivarajan, Eunice Xinwei Soh, Nor Nadia Zakaria, Yasmin Kamarudin, May Nak Lau, Aufa D. Bahar, Norhidayah Mohd Tahir, Wan Nurazreena Wan Hassan, Mang Chek Wey, Siti Adibah Othman, Roziana M Razi and Zahra Naimie

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:326

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. The traditional curriculum for medical students in Japan does not include sufficient opportunities for students to develop their skills for musculoskeletal (MSK) examination and clinical reasoning and diagnosi...

    Authors: Kazuyo Yamauchi, Yoko Hagiwara, Nahoko Iwakura, Saori Kubo, Azusa Sato, Tadahiko Ohtsuru, Ken Okazaki and Yumiko Okubo

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:322

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. Reflection and various approaches to foster reflection have been regarded as an indispensable element in enhancing professional practice across different disciplines. With its inherent potential to engage lear...

    Authors: Kuo-Chen Liao, Chang-Hsuan Peng, Linda Snell, Xihui Wang, Chien-Da Huang and Alenoush Saroyan

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:321

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. Self-regulated learning (SRL) is an important contributing element to the academic success of students. Literature suggests that the understanding of SRL among medical students is obscure as there is still som...

    Authors: Chan Choong Foong, Nur Liyana Bashir Ghouse, An Jie Lye, Nurul Atira Khairul Anhar Holder, Vinod Pallath, Wei-Han Hong, Joong Hiong Sim and Jamuna Vadivelu

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:320

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. There are limited competency-based educational curricula for transitions of care education (TOC) for internal medicine (IM) residency programs. The University of Colorado implemented a virtual interdisciplinar...

    Authors: Roxana Naderi, Tyson A. Oberndorfer, Sarah R. Jordan, Blythe Dollar, Ethan U. Cumbler and Christine D. Jones

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:314

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Worldwide, primary care is for most people the gateway into many health systems. Offering solutions to the demands of the communities served requires the constant preparation of professionals, especially docto...

    Authors: José Roberto Bittencourt Costa, Luiz Anastacio Alves, Anael Viana Pinto Alberto and Cristina Alves Magalhães de Souza

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:296

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Student evaluation is an essential component in feedback processes in faculty and learner development. Ease of use and low cost have made paper evaluation forms a popular method within teaching programmes, but...

    Authors: Agra Dilshani Hunukumbure, Philippa Jane Horner, Jonathan Fox and Viral Thakerar

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:289

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. To explore the impact of an educational tool designed to streamline resident learning during their pediatric intensive care (PICU) rotations.

    Authors: Adrian D. Zurca, Conrad Krawiec, Daniel McKeone, Adil Z. Solaiman, Brandon M. Smith and Gary D. Ceneviva

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:281

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Rare diseases may be defined as occurring in less than 1 in 2000 patients. Such conditions are, however, so numerous that up to 5.9% of the population is afflicted by a rare disease. The gambling industry atte...

    Authors: Babak Sarrafpour, Shwetha Hegde, Eduardo Delamare, Ruth Weeks, Rebecca A. Denham, Alix Thoeming and Hans Zoellner

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:279

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Virtual patients are educational tools that may be described as case-based interactive computer simulations of clinical scenarios. In terms of learning outcomes, improved clinical reasoning skills and knowledg...

    Authors: Erica Rothlind, Uno Fors, Helena Salminen, Per Wändell and Solvig Ekblad

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:270

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. Adequate communication and maintaining a patient-centered approach throughout patient encounters are important skills for medical students to develop. Feedback is often provided by clinical teachers. Patients ...

    Authors: Karin Björklund, Terese Stenfors, Gunnar H. Nilsson, Hassan Alinaghizadeh and Charlotte Leanderson

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:269

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. The clinical learning environment (CLE) influences students’ achievement of learning outcomes and the development of their professional behaviors. However, CLEs are not always optimal for learning because of c...

    Authors: Malin Sellberg, Per J. Palmgren and Riitta Möller

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:258

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. With the emergence of the new coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19), distance learning, especially that mediated by information and digital communication technologies, has been adopted in all areas of knowledge and ...

    Authors: Nayze Lucena Sangreman Aldeman, Keylla Maria de Sá Urtiga Aita, Vinícius Ponte Machado, Luiz Claudio Demes da Mata Sousa, Antonio Gilberto Borges Coelho, Adalberto Socorro da Silva, Ana Paula da Silva Mendes, Francisco Jair de Oliveira Neres and Semíramis Jamil Hadad do Monte

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:248

    Content type: Software

    Published on:

  37. Undergraduate medical education recognises that patient feedback is potentially valuable for student learning and development as a component of multi-source feedback. However greater exploration of how patient...

    Authors: Jennifer Barr, Kathryn Ogden, Iain Robertson and Jenepher Martin

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:246

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  38. Access to high quality continuing professional development (CPD) is necessary for healthcare professionals to retain competency within the ever-evolving worlds of medicine and health. Most low- and middle-inco...

    Authors: Joseph Lune Ngenzi, Richard E. Scott and Maurice Mars

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:245

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  39. Two established small-group learning paradigms in medical education include Case-based learning (CBL) and Team-based learning (TBL). Characteristics common to both pedagogies include the use of an authentic cl...

    Authors: Annette Burgess, Elie Matar, Chris Roberts, Inam Haq, Lucy Wynter, Julian Singer, Eszter Kalman and Jane Bleasel

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:238

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  40. Entrustable professional activities (EPAs) in competency-based, undergraduate medical education (UME) have led to new formative workplace-based assessments (WBA) using entrustment-supervision scales in clerksh...

    Authors: Severin Pinilla, Alexandra Kyrou, Stefan Klöppel, Werner Strik, Christoph Nissen and Sören Huwendiek

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:223

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  41. Teaching and learning Community-Based Medical Education (CBME) requires the active engagement of students in various activities to cover planned curricular content. CBME being multifaceted involves careful app...

    Authors: Sonali G. Choudhari, Abhay M. Gaidhane, Priti Desai, Tripti Srivastava, Vedprakash Mishra and Syed Quazi Zahiruddin

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:210

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  42. Even physicians who routinely work in complex, dynamic practices may be unprepared to optimally manage challenging critical events. High-fidelity simulation can realistically mimic critical clinically relevant...

    Authors: Elizabeth Sinz, Arna Banerjee, Randolph Steadman, Matthew S. Shotwell, Jason Slagle, William R. McIvor, Laurence Torsher, Amanda Burden, Jeffrey B. Cooper, Samuel DeMaria Jr, Adam I. Levine, Christine Park, David M. Gaba, Matthew B. Weinger and John R. Boulet

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:207

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  43. Proper specimen collection is central to improving patient care by ensuring optimal yield of diagnostic tests, guiding appropriate management, and targeting treatment. The purpose of this article is to describ...

    Authors: Jennifer Kue, Ashley Bersani, Kurt Stevenson, Getnet Yimer, Shu-Hua Wang, Wondwossen Gebreyes, Carmen Hazim, Matthew Westercamp, Michael Omondi, Berhanu Amare, Gebrie Alebachew, Rajiha Abubeker, Surafel Fentaw, Eyasu Tigabu, Denise Kirley, Daniel Vanderende…

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:195

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  44. We combined anatomy with imaging, transformed the 2D information of various imaging techniques into 3D information, and form the assessment system of real medical imaging cases in order to make up for the defi...

    Authors: Quan Yuan, Xiaomei Chen, Jian Zhai, Yadi Chen, Qingxiang Liu, Zhongxiao Tan, Gao Chen, Kangle Zhuang, Jianying Zhang, Xi Xu, Di Qiang and Xuefei Shao

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:194

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  45. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the extent to which a longitudinal student-run clinic (SRC) is meeting its stated learning objectives, including providing critical community services and developing p...

    Authors: Nathan G. Rockey, Taylor M. Weiskittel, Katharine E. Linder, Jennifer L. Ridgeway and Mark L. Wieland

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:182

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. The Objective Structured Clinical Exam (OSCE) is a useful means of generating meaningful feedback. OSCE feedback may be in various forms (written, face to face and audio or video recordings). Studies on OSCE f...

    Authors: Chin Fang Ngim, Paul Douglas Fullerton, Vanassa Ratnasingam, Valliammai Jayanthi Thirunavuk Arasoo, Nisha Angela Dominic, Cindy Pei Sze Niap and Sivakumar Thurairajasingam

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:180

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  47. The correct performance of a structured facial examination presents a fundamental clinical skill to detect facial pathologies. However, many students are not adequately prepared in this basic clinical skill. M...

    Authors: Arne Nelskamp, Benedikt Schnurr, Alexandra Germanyuk, Jasmina Sterz, Jonas Lorenz, Robert Sader, Miriam Rüsseler and Lukas B. Seifert

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:178

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  48. Use of healthcare terminology is a potential barrier to interprofessional education (IPE). This study describes how junior learners perceive and classify healthcare terminology in IPE settings.

    Authors: Shamara Nadarajah, Arden Azim, Derya Uzelli Yılmaz and Matthew Sibbald

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:177

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  49. Point-of-care ultrasound is becoming a ubiquitous diagnostic tool, and there has been increasing interest to teach novice practitioners. One of the challenges is the scarcity of qualified instructors, and with...

    Authors: Elaine Situ-LaCasse, Josie Acuña, Dang Huynh, Richard Amini, Steven Irving, Kara Samsel, Asad E. Patanwala, David E. Biffar and Srikar Adhikari

    Citation: BMC Medical Education 2021 21:175

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

Annual Journal Metrics

  • Speed
    92 days to first decision for reviewed manuscripts only
    62 days to first decision for all manuscripts
    201 days from submission to acceptance
    15 days from acceptance to publication

    Citation Impact
    2.463 - 2-year Impact Factor
    3.070 - 5-year Impact Factor
    1.651 - Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP)
    0.809 - SCImago Journal Rank (SJR)

    Usage 
    2,508,546 downloads
    1,966 Altmetric mentions