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Table 3 Measures of explicit and implicit anti-Indigenous bias of medical school applicants, stratified by application status, compared with current medical students and undergraduate math students

From: Anti-Indigenous bias of medical school applicants: a cross-sectional study

  How do you feel about Indigenous people?a (median, IQR) Do you prefer white people or Indigenous people?b
(median, IQR)
IATc (ms) (median, IQR)
Applicants 96 (80–100) 50 (37–55) −0.22 (− 0.54, 0.08)
Math Students 77 (58–100) 57.5 (52.5–64.5) − 0.30 (− 0.74, 0.07)
Current Medical Students 93 (77–100) 51 (30–71) −0.16 (− 0.41, 0.18)
Kruskal-Wallis test p = 0.05 p = 0.11 p = 0.44
Not interviewed 98 (80–100) 50 (40–54) −0.22 (− 0.52, 0.07)
Interviewed 94 (79–100) 50 (32–55) −0.25 (− 0.55, 0.13)
Wilcoxon rank-sum test p = 0.52 p = 0.43 p = 0.65
Rejected 90 (75–100) 51 (48–58) −0.31 (− 0.63, 0.11)
Waitlisted 90 (75–100) 50 (43.5–58.5) −0.11 (− 0.26, 0.13)
Accepted 96.5 (86–100) 31 (13.5–43) − 0.27 (− 0.49, 0.34)
Wilcoxon rank-sum test p = 0.47 p = 0.02 p = 0.43
Not admitted 96 (79–100) 50 (40–55) −0.23 (− 0.55, 0.08)
Matriculated 100 (86–100) 32 (27–35) −0.07 (− 0.32, 0.37)
Wilcoxon rank-sum test p = 0.36 p = 0.01 p = 0.12
  1. IAT Anti-Indigenous Implicit Association Test, IQR interquartile range
  2. a Responses used a sliding thermometer from 0 to 100, where 100 is labelled “Warm/Favourable” and 0 is labelled “Cold/Unfavourable” and 50 indicates neutral
  3. b Responses used a sliding thermometer from 0 to 100, where 100 is labelled “white people”, 0 is labelled “Indigenous people” and 50 is labelled “no preference”
  4. c Scored in time latencies, where negative results suggest a preference for European faces and positive scores suggest a preference for Indigenous faces. Scores greater than |0.65 ms| suggest strong preferences, between |0.64 to 0.35 ms| suggest moderate preferences, between |0.15 to 0.34 ms| suggest mild preferences, and scores between |0.15 and 0 ms| suggest no preference