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Table 2 Changes in learners’ knowledge of bioethics

From: The outcomes of a mobile just-in-time-learning intervention for teaching bioethics in Pakistan

Variable Pre (mean) ± SD Post (mean) ± SD p value
Overall (n = 29) 9.34 ± 2.37 10.83 ± 1.98 0.012
Gender
 Male (n = 12) 9.17 ± 2.37 10.83 ± 1.89 0.07
 Female (n = 17) 9.47 ± 2.42 10.82 ± 2.09 0.092
Programme
 Residents (n = 7) 9.00 ± 2.82 11.14 ± 1.34 0.095
 Nursing students (n = 11) 9.00 ± 1.61 9.91 ± 2.11 0.271
 Medical students (n = 6) 8.83 ± 3.43 12.17 ± 1.33 0.051
 Practising nurses (n = 4) 11.50 ± 0.57 11.25 ± 2.63 0.859
 Allied Health (n = 1) 10.00 ± - 9.00 ± - -