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Table 3 Effect Size Comparisons of Baseline Psychometric Variables between High, Medium and Low Clinical Practice Implementers

From: Relationship between clinician-level attributes and implementation outcomes from the Pathways to Comorbidity Care training program

Baseline High
(n = 6)
Medium
(n = 9)
Low
(n = 4)
Effect size (d), (95% CI)
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
EBPAS total 59.17 (10.05) 58.56 (6.89) 62 (11.02) .03 (55.41–63.54)
PATM negative 29.67 (6.59) 29.78 (8.80) 30.50 (9.98) .00 (22.74–36.59)
PATM positive 22.33 (4.23) 23.25 (3.92) 22.25 (7.32) .01 (20.43–25.02)
ACSES total 117.33 (22.57) 120.56 (18.73) 131.00 (6.33) .29 (112.98–141.02)
Organisational Readiness to change (context) Total 79.00 (14.93) 79.11 (10.86) 61.75 (19.48) .23 (68.11–82.73)
 Leadership culture 10.00 (6.75) 11.11 (2.26) 6.75 (4.57) .29 (8.30–17.18)
 Staff culture 15.67 (3.62) 15.56 (1.94) 14.00 (2.00) .07 (14.04–16.49)
 Leadership behaviour* 15.00 (3.03) 13.78 (3.70) 8.00 (6.58) .31 (10.63–15.26)
 Measurement 13.00 (3.58) 13.56 (2.24) 9.75 (7.14) .14 (10.62–14.54)
 Opinion leaders 14.17 (3.13) 14.22 (1.86) 13.00 (2.31) .05 (12.83–15.07)
 General resources 11.17 (2.79) 10.89 (4.20) 10.25 (2.63) .01 (8.24–14.09)
  1. Data represent mean + SD. * p < 0.05, significant difference between groups, ANOVA
  2. Abbreviations: EBPAS Evidence-Based Practice Attitudes Scale (min 15 to maximum 75), SATM the Survey of Attitudes to Therapist Manuals (Negative scale minimum 10 to maximum 50, Positive scale minimum 7 to maximum 35), ACSES the Addiction Counseling Self-Efficacy Scale (minimum 32 to maximum 160), ORCA the Organizational Readiness for Change Assessment Tool (minimum 23 to maximum 115)