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Table 2 Frequency of asking questions about elder abuse, sense of responsibility and barriers for asking questions

From: Testing an educational intervention to improve health care providers’ preparedness to care for victims of elder abuse: a mixed method pilot study

  Intervention group (n = 16) Control group (n = 14)
  Base-line 6 m Rank (n) p Base-line 6 m Rank p
Rank (n)    Neg Pos Ties     Neg Pos Ties  
Asked questions about abuse previous 6 months 1 6 9 0.047    4 3 7 0.38
  No, Do not remember 11 7      5 8     
  One time 1 1      5 3     
  2–4 times 3 6      3 1     
  5 times or more 1 2      1 2     
Sense of responsibility           
  Own responsibility    1 5 10 0.10       
  None -       - - 3 3 8 1
  Small extent 1 -      1 1     
  Some extent 5 3      6 6     
  Large extent 10 13      7 7     
Health care responsibility    0 4 12 0.046    0 2 12 0.16
  None - -      - -     
  Small extent 1 -      - -     
  Some extent 5 3      8 6     
  Large extent 10 13      6 8     
Perceived Individual level barriers           
  Own lack of awareness    2 9 5 0.04    1 4 8 0.16
  Large extent 7 2      6 3     
  Some extent 8 10      6 8     
  Small extent - 4      2 2     
  Not at all 1  -      - -     
Concern for follow up    6 3 7 0.19    5 2 7 0.16
  Very worried 3 2      2 3     
  Rather worried 5 9      4 6     
  A little worried 5 5      4 2     
  Not at all 3 -      4 3     
Concern negative reaction    2 4 10 0.41    3 4 7 0.71
  Very worried - -      - -     
  Rather worried 3 1      1 2     
  A little worried 6 8      8 5     
  Not at all 7 7      5 7     
Concern relationship    3 5 8 0.37    4 1 9 0.16
  Very worried 1 -      - -     
  Rather worried 2 -      1 2     
  A little worried 6 10      4 6     
  Not at all 7 6      9 6     
Perceived organizational level barriers
  Lack of time    5 5 6 1.0    3 5 6 0.48
  Large extent 6 3      4 4     
  Some extent 6 12      8 6     
  Small extent 4 1      1 3     
  Not at all - -      1 1     
Lack of routines asking    2 4 10 0.32    1 7 5 0.03
  Large extent 5 3      4 1     
  Some extent 8 9      5 7     
  Small extent 3 4      3 5     
  Not at all - -      1 1     
Lack of routines managing    3 5 8 0.37    2 8 4 0.05
  Large extent 6 5      7 4     
  Some extent 8 7      5 5     
  Small extent 2 4      1 3     
  Not at all - -      1 2     
  1. Changes between baseline and follow up regarding frequency of asking questions about elder abuse as well as changes in sense of responsibility and perceived barriers for asking questions. A positive rank signifies a positive change, i.e., higher sense of responsibility and lower lever of perceived barrier. Significant changes (p < 0.05) are written in bold and have been calculated using Wilcoxon’s signed rank test for paired samples