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Table 4 Multivariate analysis for gender bias and surgical career choice

From: Surgical career choices of medical students in China: does gender bias play a role?

Characteristic Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
  coefficient 95%CI margins coefficient 95%CI margins coefficient 95%CI margins
Age -0.15 -0.39 0.08 -0.03 -0.14 -0.39 0.1 -0.03 -0.15 -0.4 0.09 -0.03
Female -1.54*** -1.92 -1.16 -0.32 -1.65*** -2.11 -1.26 -0.32 -0.98*** -1.58 -0.38 -0.19
Resident -0.05 -0.42 0.33 -0.01 -0.04 -0.42 0.34 -0.01 -0.05 -0.44 0.34 -0.01
Major
 Clinical 5 + 3 0.09 -0.35 0.53 0.02 0.04 -0.41 0.49 0.01 0.06 -0.4 0.52 0.01
 Pediatrics 0.27 -0.64 1.18 0.05 0.43 -0.51 1.36 0.08 0.44 -0.51 1.38 0.08
 Oral cavity -0.04 -0.69 0.61 -0.01 -0.07 -0.78 0.64 -0.01 -0.1 -0.8 0.61 0.02
Bias
 Leader      -1.23 -2.56 0.1 -0.24 -1.08 -2.4 0.23 -0.21
 Recruit      0.48** 0.09 0.87 0.09 1.05** 0.13 1.97 0.2
 Unsuitable      -0.97*** -1.34 -0.61 -0.19 -0.36 -1.02 -0.29 -0.07
 Gender*recruit         -0.73 -1.755 0.29 -0.14
 Gender*not suitable         -0.88** -1.67 -0.1 -0.17
 _cons 4.8 -0.27 9.87   7 1.38 12.63   6.45 0.81 12.09  
  1. Leader: Male leadership dominance; Recruit: recruitment of male required (or implied required); Unsuitable: females are not suitable for surgery
  2. ** P < 0.05.;*** P < 0.01