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Table 4 Predictors of unfavourable attitudes towards plagiarism

From: Extent of knowledge and attitudes on plagiarism among undergraduate medical students in South India - a multicentre, cross-sectional study to determine the need for incorporating research ethics in medical undergraduate curriculum

Predictor Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
β p value β Std. β 95% CI p value VIF EV (CIx)
Permissive attitudes*
Younger age -0.049 0.233 Not included in analysis
Male Gender 0.132 0.426 Not included in analysis
Earlier years in education -0.079 0.228 Not included in analysis
No Previous Publications -0.731 0.181 -0.829 0.025 -1.903, 0.244 0.130 1.001 0.976 (1.640)
Not Currently involved in research -0.489 0.256 Not included in analysis
Education in Government Medical College -1.416  < 0.001 -1.479 0.138 -1.823, -1.135  < 0.001 1.010 0.330 (2.819)
Poor knowledge score -0.105 0.032 -0.066 0.022 -0.162, 0.029 0.174 1.010 0.068 (6.214)
Critical Attitudes#
Younger age 0.098 0.003 0.073 0.035 0.005, 0.140 0.035 1.028 1.095 (2.028)
Male Gender -0.286 0.031 -0.148 0.017 -0.426, -0.129 0.296 1.005 0.825 (2.336)
Earlier years in education 0.004 0.938 Not included in analysis
No Previous Publications -1.719  < 0.001 -1.794 -0.067 -2.663, -0.925  < 0.001 1.034 0.386 (3.415)
Not Currently involved in research -1.087 0.001 -0.909 -0.043 -1.594, -0.225 0.009 1.028 0.126 (5.983)
Education in Government Medical College -.757  < 0.001 -0.835 -0.097 -1.112, -0.557  < 0.001 1.026 0.062 (8.515)
Poor knowledge score -0.197  < 0.001 -0.174 -0.073 -0.250, -0.097  < 0.001 1.011 0.005 (31.548)
Subjective Norms$
Younger age -0.037 0.260 Not included in analysis
Male Gender -0.057 0.674 Not included in analysis
Earlier years in education 0.032 0.548 Not included in analysis
No Previous Publications -1.271 0.018 -1.194 .044 -2.081, -0.306 0.008 1.024 1.082 (1.579)
Not Currently involved in research -0.679 0.052 -0.417 .019 -1.118, 0.283 0.243 1.023 0.822 (1.812)
Education in Government Medical College -0.754  < 0.001 -0.665 .076 -0.947, -0.382  < 0.001 1.011 0.330 (2.861)
Poor knowledge score -0.086 0.032 -0.070 .029 -0.148, 0.009 0.083 1.010 0.068 (6.301)
  1. CI = Confidence Interval; VIF = Variance inflation factor; EV = Eigen Value; CIx = Condition Index. * R = 0.144; R2 = 0.021; adjusted R2 = 0.020, # R = 0.158; R2 = 0.025; adjusted R2 = 0.023. $ R = 0.097; R2 = 0.009; adjusted R2 = 0.008