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Table 2 Contents of 60 OSCE modules covering biomedicine and traditional medicine for students of traditional East-Asian medicine

From: Developing a best practice framework for clinical competency education in the traditional East-Asian medicine curriculum

Category (modules) Biomedicine (39 modules) Traditional medicine (21 modules)
Medical examination (26)   
   General (12) 1. Blood pressure check, 2. Fundoscopy, 3. Otoscopy, 4. Examination of nose, 5. Examination of neck, 6. Examination of lungs, 7. Examination of heart, 8. Examination of abdomen, 9. Examination of anus and rectum 1. Pulse diagnosis 2. Tongue diagnosis 3. Abdominal examination
    Nervous system (5) 1. Examination of cranial nerves, 2. Examination of motor function, 3. Examination of sensory function, 4. Examination of reflexes, 5. Examination of cerebellar function  
    Musculoskeletal system (4) 1. Physical examination of cervical vertebrae, 2. Physical examination of lumbar vertebrae, 3. Physical examination of shoulder joint, 4. Physical examination of knee joint  
    Obstetrics/Gynecology (5) 1. Examination of breast, 2. Vaginal smear test, 3. Examination before delivery, 4. Visual inspection, palpation, and combined examination on genital area, 5. Vaginal sonography  
Clinical tests and questionnaires (12)   
    Internal medicine (6) 1. Presentation of chest X-ray, 2. Electrocardiographic examination, 3. Pulmonary function test, 4. Abdominal sonography 1. Ryodoraku diagnosis, 2. Heart rate variability
    Neuropsychiatry (2) 1. Korean-Mini Mental State Examination 1. Diagnostic interview for Hwa-Byung
    Sasang medicine (3)   1. Questionnaire for the Sasang Constitution Classification II, 2. Facial Measuring using 3D Facial Analysis Machine, 3. Anthropometric measurement
    Pediatrics (1) 1. Scoring Atopic Dermatitis in children  
Clinical techniques (18)   
    General (14) 1. Intravenous blood sampling, 2. Male catheter insertion, 3. Female catheter insertion, 4. Wound dressing, 5. Burn dressing, 6. Incision and drainage of abscess, 7. Suturing 1. Filiform acupuncture needle, 2. Moxibustion treatment, 3. Cupping therapy, 4. Pharmacopuncture, 5. Needle-embedding therapy, 6. Chuna manual therapy on Posterior Inferior Ilium Deviation, 7. Interferential Current Therapy and Ultra sound treatment for low back pain
    Emergency (4) 1. Adult basic life support - Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation and Automated External Defibrillator, 2. Airway obstruction by foreign body (baby), 3. Splinting of extremities 1. Febrile convulsions (children)
Medical herb (4)   
    Preparation & processing of medical herbs (4)   1. Stir-baking of herbals, 2. Boiling methods for herbal decoction, 3. Concentrating of extracts and making granule with freeze-drying, 4. Preparation and storage of pharmacopuncture solution