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Table 1 Characteristics of nine MD-PhD students and residents interviewed

From: Exploring reasons for MD-PhD trainees’ experiences of impostor phenomenon

Characteristics Participants
Current stage in training Student: 6
3rd year: 3 (Jacob, Lily, William)
4th year: 1 (Maya)
5th year: 1 (Samuel)
7th year: 1 (Lucy)
Resident: 3 (John, Nicole, Thomas)
Age (years) 20–29: 5
30–39: 4
Sex Male: 5
Female: 4
Race/ethnicity Asian: 2
Black: 1
Hispanic: 1
Native American: 1
White: 4
Participant CIP scoresa Moderate (41–60): 2
High (61–80): 3
Intense (81–100): 4
Range: 46–96 (out of 100)
Mean (SD): 74.1 (16.9)
  1. Abbreviations: CIP Clance Impostor Phenomenon, SD Standard deviation
  2. aEach of the 20 CIP items were scored on a 5-point scale (1 = “not at all true”, 2 = “rarely”, 3 = “sometimes”, 4 = “often”, 5 = “very true”). Higher total scores indicate greater frequency and severity of IP experiences that interfere with one’s life. Scores ≤40 indicate few IP experiences, 41–60 indicate moderate IP experiences, 61–80 indicate high IP experiences, and > 80 indicate intense IP experiences 54