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Table 2 Association between respondents’ personal characteristics and agreement on punishment

From: Factors influencing medical students’ attitudes towards substance use during pregnancy

  Drugs Alcohol
Disagree
n (%)
Undecided
n (%)
Agree
n (%)
Pa Disagree
n (%)
Undecided
n (%)
Agree
n (%)
Pa
Age (years)     0,378     0,219
  < 25 121 (63.0) 41 (21.4) 30 (15.6)   121 (63.0) 36 (18.8) 35 (18.2)  
 25–29 86 (63.2) 33 (24.3) 17 (12.5)   81 (60.9) 29 (21.8) 13 (17.3)  
 30 et + 10 (50.0) 4 (20.0) 6 (30.0)   9 (45.0) 3 (15.0) 8 (40.0)  
Gender     0,107     0,122
 F 155 (65.7) 51 (21.6) 30 (12.7)   151 (64.5) 44 (18.8) 39 (16.7)  
 M 63 (55.3) 28 (24.6) 23 (20.2)   61 (54.0) 24 (21.2) 28 (24.8)  
Mother’s educationb     0,217     0,115
 Low 13 (46.4) 7 (25.0) 8 (28.6)   12 (42.9) 8 (28.6) 8 (28.6)  
 Middle 39 (63.9) 12 (19.7) 10 (16.4)   39 (65.0) 7 (11.7) 14 (23.3)  
 High 162 (63.5) 60 (23.5) 33 (12.9)   157 (62.1) 53 (21.0) 43 (17.0)  
Origin (subjects-parents)c     0,843     0,541
 Belgium 97 (63.8) 35 (23.0) 20 (13.2)   101 (66.9) 25 (16.6) 25 (16.6)  
 Mix BE 31 (57.4) 14 (25.9) 9 (16.7)   31 (58.5) 12 (22.6) 10 (18.9)  
 Mix BNE 19 (57.6) 7 (21.2) 7 (21.2)   15 (46.9) 7 (21.9) 10 (31.3)  
 Europe 37 (58.7) 14 (22.2) 12 (19.1)   35 (55.6) 13 (20.6) 15 (23.8)  
 Outside Europe 29 (70.7) 2 (19.5) 4 (9.8)   26 (63.4) 8 (19.5) 7 (17.1)  
Drug use     0,133     0,231
 None 106 (56.7) 47 (25.1) 34 (18.2)   105 (56.5) 39 (21.0) 42 (22.6)  
 Cannabis 80 (71.4) 21 (18.8) 11 (9.8)   78 (69.6) 18 (16.1) 16 (14.3)  
 Multiple 28 (59.6) 11 (23.4) 8 (17.0)   26 (57.8) 10 (22.2) 9 (20.0)  
SUD in Entourage     0,568     0,464
 None 73 (57.9) 28 (22.2) 25 (19.8)   69 (55.7) 25 (20.2) 30 (24.2)  
 Alcohol 27 (64.3) 10 (23.8) 5 (11.9)   26 (63.4) 10 (24.4) 5 (12.2)  
 Cannabis 11 (57.9) 7 (36.8) 1 (5.3)   9 (50.0) 6 (33.3) 3 (16.7)  
 Alcohol-cannabis 43 (70.5) 11 (18.0) 7 (11.5)   42 (67.7) 9 (14.5) 11 (17.7)  
 Other drugs 63 (62.4) 23 (22.8) 15 (14.9)   65 (64.4) 18 (17.8) 18 (17.8)  
Health perception     0,475     0,420
 Excellent 20 (52.6) 12 (31.6) 6 (15.8)   21 (55.3) 11 (29.0) 6 (15.8)  
 Very good 36 (70.6) 9 (17.7) 6 (11.8)   36 (70.6) 8 (15.7) 7 (13.7)  
 Good-Fair 19 (63.3) 6 (20.0) 5 (16.7)   17 (56.7) 6 (20.0) 7 (23.3)  
Addiction training subscription     0,028     0,023
 No 195 (60.2) 77 (23.8) 52 (16.1)   191 (59.5) 63 (19.6) 67 (20.9)  
 Yes 27 (84.3) 3 (9.4) 2 (6.3)   25 (78.1) 6 (18.8) 1 (3.1)  
  1. a:Fisher exact or Chi2. b:Low = no diploma to lower secondary, Middle = from lower secondary to upper secondary, high = higher education (high school, university, PhD). c: BE Belgian and European; BNE Belgian and non-European