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Table 1 All answers by students’ survey questions with mean and mode

From: The educational value of an audience response system use in an Iraqi medical school

   SD D N A SA mean mode
# Number assigned for calculating mean 1 2 3 4 5   
1
b
The ARS helped to improve my attention and focus during the lecture 2
3%
0
0%
7
11%
25
40%
29 46% 4.25 SA
2
e
The ARS helped me to understand the topics of the lecture better 2
3%
2
3%
8
13%
30
48%
21
33%
4.05 A
3
d
The ARS stimulated me to discuss the topic with my colleagues and teacher 2
3%
2
3%
13
21%
22
35%
24
38%
4.02 SA
4
d
The ARS stimulated me to prepare for the topic in advance 2
3%
3
5%
10
16%
20
32%
28
44%
4.10 SA
5
d
The ARS stimulated me to study and review the topic more after the lecture 2
3%
3
5%
15
24%
19
30%
24
38%
3.95 SA
6
b
The ARS helped me to memorize information more 3
3%
1
2%
7
11%
29
46%
23
36%
4.08 A
7
b
The ARS motivated me to attend lectures 4
6%
1
2%
7
11%
20
32%
31
49%
4.16 SA
8
b
The ARS helps me answer questions and participate with no embarrassment 3
5%
0
0%
16
25%
23
37%
21
33%
3.94 A
9
c
Using ARS provided answers to some of the questions that I have about the topic 1
2%
2
3%
17
27%
31
49%
12
19%
3.81 A
a 10
e
Using ARS was a waste of timea 28
44%
22
35%
0
0%
10
16%
3
5%
3.98 SD
11
c
I wish ARS used in all other subjects 2
3%
0
0%
8
13%
19
30%
34
54%
4.32 SA
12
e
Using ARS made me like the topic more than other topics 3
5%
3
5%
9
14%
20
32%
28
44%
4.06 SA
13
c
Using ARS encouraged me to use technology in learning 2
3%
1
2%
9
14%
21
33%
30
47%
4.21 SA
a14
c
It was difficult to use the ARSa 28
44%
21
33%
6
10%
3
5%
5
8%
4.02 SD
15
c
Overall, I find the ARS is an efficient tool of teaching 2
3%
3
5%
6
10%
22
35%
30
48%
4.19 SA
  Total 38 34 138 344 391 4.08  
  1. aQ 10 & 14 were reverse scored for the mean
  2. bAnswers by attendance, engagement and memory domain
  3. cAnswers by learning preferences and use of technology domain
  4. dAnswers by adult and active learning domain
  5. eAnswers by learning efficiency/quality and the effect of educational technology domain