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Table 2 Learning outcome comparison for offline and online groups

From: Effect of active learning and online discussions on the academic performances of dental students

  Offline Online  
Type of items LD (n = 12) SSD (n = 20) LD (n = 21) SSD (n = 22) P
Total score (25 points) 12.17 (2.98) 17.35 (2.85) 10.19 (4.19) 16.55 (2.99)  < .001
Verbatim (10 points) 6.92 (1.62) 9.25 (0.85) 7.05 (2.67) 8.50 (1.23)  < .001
Transfer (15 points) 5.25 (2.05) 8.10 (2.47) 3.14 (2.74) 8.05 (2.63)  < .001
  1. Data are shown as mean values (standard deviations)
  2. LD Lecture and Discussion, SSD Self-study and Discussion
  3. For each group, total, verbatim type, and transfer type item scores are given