Skip to main content

Table 1 Learning outcome comparison for item types and study conditions

From: Effect of active learning and online discussions on the academic performances of dental students

Type of item LD (n = 21) LW (n = 19) SSD (n = 22) SW (n = 20) P
Total score (25 points) 10.19 (4.19) 9.89 (5.21) 16.55 (2.99) 12.30 (4.80)  < 0.001
Verbatim (10 points) 7.05 (2.67) 5.84 (2.64) 8.50 (1.22) 6.90 (1.92) 0.002
Transfer (15 points) 3.14 (2.74) 4.05 (3.31) 8.05 (2.62) 5.20 (2.61)  < 0.001
  1. Data are shown as mean values (standard deviations)
  2. LD Lecture and Discussion, LW Lecture and discussion with Worksheet, SSD Self-study and Discussion, and SW Self-study and discussion with Worksheet
  3. For each group, total, verbatim type, and transfer type item scores are given