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Table 3 SBME objectives and implementation according to Thai medical students (N = 367)

From: Simulation-based medical education in Thailand: a cross-sectional online national survey

Topic
Learning objective (n (%)) Clinical procedure 347 (94.6)
Physical examination 346 (94.3)
History taking 321 (87.5)
Team management 299 (81.5)
Counseling 273 (74.4)
Communication skills 270 (73.6)
Type of simulator (n (%)) Part task trainer 355 (96.7)
Standardized patients 331 (90.2)
Cadaver 255 (69.5)
High fidelity mannequin 200 (54.5)
Screen-based simulation 60 (16.3)
Expected parameters (mean (SD)) Expected students per class (people) 6.0 (2.2)
Expected duration per week (hours) 3.0 (2.2)
Attitude a (mean (SD))
 Experience with the simulation benefits clinical practice 4.23 (0.63)
 Use of simulation increased my motivation to learn 4.15 (0.66)
 I felt safe during the simulation 4.14 (0.73)
 I understood the learning goal during the simulation 4.11 (0.72)
 I was able to utilize prior knowledge during the simulation 3.85 (0.71)
 I was able to utilize prior skills during the simulation 3.93 (0.72)
 I was able to evaluate my performance in the simulation 4.22 (0.68)
 Simulation-based training improves my teamwork skills 4.20 (0.72)
 Simulation-based training improves my communication skills 4.04 (0.74)
 Simulation-based training improves my clinical skills and competence 4.23 (0.61)
 Simulation-based training improves my critical thinking and decision-making skills 4.25 (0.65)
Subject (n (%)) Experience Expected Different in proportion (95%CI)
  Anatomy 248 (67.6) 244 (66.5) 1.0 (-5.8, 7.8)
  Anesthesiology 273 (74.4) 299 (81.5) 7.1 (1.1, 13.1) b
  Biochemistry 43 (11.7) 70 (19.1) 7.4 (2.2, 12.6) b
  Community medicine 97 (26.4) 114 (31.1) 4.7 (-1.8, 11.2)
  Emergency medicine 295 (80.4) 339 (92.4) 12.0 (7.0, 17.0) b
  Internal medicine 324 (88.3) 343 (93.5) 5.2 (1.0, 9.4) b
  Microbiology 55 (15.0) 74 (20.2) 5.2 (-0.3, 10.7)
  Obstetrics and Gynecology 307 (83.7) 328 (89.4) 5.7 (0.8, 10.6) b
  Ophthalmology 209 (56.9) 264 (71.9) 15.0 (8.1, 21.9) b
  Orthopedics 243 (66.2) 298 (81.2) 15.0 (8.6, 21.4) b
  Otorhinolaryngology 214 (58.3) 264 (71.9) 13.6 (6.7, 20.5) b
  Parasitology 48 (13.1) 81 (22.2) 9.1 (3.6, 14.6) b
  Pathology 69 (18.8) 98 (26.7) 7.9 (1.8, 14.0) b
  Pediatrics 295 (80.4) 328 (89.4) 9.0 (3.8, 14.2) b
  Pharmacology 30 (8.2) 85 (23.2) 15.0 (9.7, 20.3) b
  Physiology 5 (1.4) 157 (42.8) 41.4 (35.4, 47.4) b
  Psychiatry 137 (37.3) 221 (60.2) 22.9 (15.7, 30.1) b
  Surgery 330 (89.9) 338 (92.1) 2.2 (-1.9, 6.3)
  1. aLikert score: 1 = strongly disagree; 2 = disagree; 3 = neither agree nor disagree; 4 = agree; 5 = strongly agree
  2. bStatistically significant