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Table 2 Obstacles to effective SBME implementation in Thai medical schools

From: Simulation-based medical education in Thailand: a cross-sectional online national survey

Topic
Administrator data (N = 15; n (%))
Lack of administration system
 No administration system 9 (60.0) No simulation center 6 (40.0)
 Insufficient financial support 5 (33.3)   
Space shortages
 Controlled room 9 (60.0) Observation room 8 (53.3)
 Lecture room 7 (46.7) Training room 7 (46.7)
 Debrief room 6 (40.0) Storage room 6 (40.0)
 Office room 6 (40.0)   
Simulator shortages
 Screen-based simulation 12 (80.0) High fidelity mannequins 10 (66.7)
 Cadaver 7 (46.7) Standardized patients 6 (40.0)
 Part task trainer 5 (33.3)   
Faculty shortages
 Simulation technicians 14 (93.3) Researchers 14 (93.3)
 Standardized patient trainers 13 (86.7) Researcher assistants 13 (86.7)
 Course directors 10 (66.7) Officers 10 (66.7)
 Educators 10 (66.7) Instructors 7 (46.7)
Instructor data (N = 154; n (%))
 Insufficient faculty 115 (74.4) Shortage of simulators 107 (69.5)
 Insufficient time 97 (63.0) Insufficient faculty training 91 (59.1)
 Insufficient financial support 88 (57.1) Shortage of space 73 (47.4)